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Elizabeth Lynne Cheney (//; born July 28, 1966) is an American attorney and politician. She served as the U.S. representative for Wyoming's at-large congressional district from 2017 to 2023. She chaired the House Republican Conference, the third-highest position in the House Republican leadership, from 2019 to 2021. She currently serves as Professor of Practice at the University of Virginia Center for Politics.
|Vice Chair of the House January 6th Committee|
September 2, 2021 – January 3, 2023
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Chair of the House Republican Conference|
January 3, 2019 – May 12, 2021
|Deputy||Mark Walker |
|Preceded by||Cathy McMorris Rodgers|
|Succeeded by||Elise Stefanik|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Wyoming's at-large district
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2023
|Preceded by||Cynthia Lummis|
|Succeeded by||Harriet Hageman|
Elizabeth Lynne Cheney
(1966-07-28) July 28, 1966 (age 57)
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Relatives||Dick Cheney (father)|
Lynne Cheney (mother)
Mary Cheney (sister)
|Education||Colorado College (BA)|
University of Chicago (JD)
Cheney is the elder daughter of former vice president Dick Cheney and second lady Lynne Cheney. She held several positions in the U.S. State Department during the George W. Bush administration, notably as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives. She promoted regime change in Iran while chairing the Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group with Elliott Abrams. In 2009 Cheney and Bill Kristol founded Keep America Safe, a nonprofit organization concerned with national security issues, which advocated the Bush–Cheney administration's positions. She was a candidate for the 2014 election to the U.S. Senate in Wyoming, challenging three-term incumbent Mike Enzi, before withdrawing from the race. In the House of Representatives, she held the seat her father held from 1979 to 1989.
Regarded as a leading ideological conservative in the Bush–Cheney-era tradition and a representative of the Republican establishment, Cheney is a neoconservative, known for her focus on national security, support for the U.S. military, a pro-business stance, hawkish foreign policy views, and fiscal and social conservatism. She is considered one of the leaders of the Republican Party's neoconservative wing, and was critical of the foreign policy of the Donald Trump administration but at the same time voted steadfastly in support of Trump's overall agenda.
Cheney supported Trump's second impeachment for his role in the 2021 storming of the U.S. Capitol. Because of her stance on the Capitol riot, her impeachment vote and opposition to Trump's false stolen-election narrative, pro-Trump Freedom Caucus members of the House Republican Conference attempted to remove her from party leadership in February 2021. That effort failed, and Cheney remained conference chair until mid-May, when pro-Trump members of the House again pushed for her removal. With House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy supporting the effort, Cheney was removed from her position. In July 2021, Speaker Nancy Pelosi appointed Cheney to the House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack. Two months later, she was made vice chair of the committee. As a consequence of serving on the committee, Cheney's membership in the Wyoming Republican Party was revoked in November 2021 and she was censured by the Republican National Committee (RNC) in February 2022.
On August 16, 2022, Cheney lost renomination in Wyoming's Republican primary to Trump-endorsed Harriet Hageman in a landslide, garnering just 28.9% of the vote. Cheney has said that she intends to be "the leader, one of the leaders, in a fight to help to restore our party", and that she may be interested in a presidential run.