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Lucy Maria Field Wanzer

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Lucy Maria Field Wanzer
Wanzer c. 1892
Lucy Maria Field

Oct. 11, 1841
DiedOct. 13, 1930
San Francisco
EducationUniversity of California, San Francisco
Medical career
FieldGynecology and pediatrics
InstitutionsSan Francisco Children's Hospital

Lucy Maria Field Wanzer (1841–1930) was the first woman to be admitted to and graduate from an American medical school west of the Rocky Mountains.

Early life

Wanzer was born Lucy Maria Field on October 11, 1841, in Wisconsin, living first in Milwaukee and later in Madison.[1] Her mother had chronic health problems, leading the family to move to California in 1858.[2] Wanzer became an elementary school teacher, and later, after being briefly married, she raised money to attend medical school by learning telegraphy and opening a telegraph office.[3]

Medical school and practice

Wanzer first applied to the Toland Medical College in San Francisco in 1873, but was rejected. In March 1873, the school was absorbed into the University of California system (eventually becoming UCSF), and Wanzer appealed her rejection to the regents of the University of California. She was admitted after a four-month appeal that set a precedent allowing other women to attend medical schools throughout the UC system. While at school, she was hazed by fellow students, and one professor told her any woman who wanted to study medicine should have their ovaries removed, to which she replied that male students should have their testicles removed.[4] She graduated with honors in 1876.[1]

After graduation, Wanzer was admitted to the San Francisco County Medical Society, but only after threats to "blackball" her failed.[3] Her private practice, in a series of downtown San Francisco offices, focused on obstetrics and gynecology.[4] In 1890, she was elected president of the University of California Medical Department Alumni Society.[2] Wanzer was also a practicing pediatrician, and helped establish the San Francisco Children's Hospital.[2]

Wanzer continued to practice into her 80s, and died on October 13, 1930, at the age of 89.[2]


  1. ^ a b Master hands in the affairs of the Pacific Coast: A Resumé of the Builders of Our Material Progress. Western Historical and Pub. Co. 1892. pp. 98–99. Retrieved 3 January 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Sherins, Robert. Dr. Lucy M. Field Wanzer, First Woman Graduate U.C. Medical Department (PDF). Retrieved 3 January 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b Gloria G. Harris; Hannah S. Cohen (2012). Women Trailblazers of California: Pioneers to the Present. pp. 95–97. ISBN 978-1609496753. Retrieved 17 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b Chen, Jeffrey. "140 Years Later: The First Female Graduate of UCSF". UCSF School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Further reading

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Lucy Maria Field Wanzer
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