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Madrasa and tomb of Alauddin Khalji

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Madrasa and tomb of Alauddin Khalji
Alauddin
Madrasa
LocationQutb Minar complex, Delhi, India
Coordinates28°31′26″N 77°11′04″E / 28.52389°N 77.18444°E / 28.52389; 77.18444Coordinates: 28°31′26″N 77°11′04″E / 28.52389°N 77.18444°E / 28.52389; 77.18444
Built1315
TypeCultural
Criteriaiv
Designated1993 (17th session)
Part ofQutb Minar and its monuments
RegionIndia

Madrasa of Alauddin Khalji is a madrasa (Islamic school) located in the Qutb Minar complex, Mehrauli, Delhi, India. It was built by Alauddin Khalji in 1315, and the tomb attributed to him is located inside the madrasa. This is the first instance of such tomb-madrasa combination in India.

Background

The madrasa was built by Alauddin Khalji (r. 1296–1316) in 1315.[1] The tomb attributed to Alauddin Khalji is located in the central room of the southern wing of the L-shaped madrasa in Qutb Minar complex, Delhi.[2][3] It is located south west of the Qutub Minar and Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque.[3]

According to many malfoozat (sayings of Sufi saints), the tomb was a site of pilgrimage and people used to tie threads to seek fulfillment of their wishes.[4] After the release of Padmaavat, a 2018 Historical drama film which includes Alauddin Khulji, the number of visitors to the tomb has increased.[5][6]

Architecture

The madrasa is one of the four surviving pre-Mughal madrasas in India.[1] It is constructed in an L-shape around a quadrangular court which can be entered through a gateway located towards its north. Only remains of the gateway have survived.[3][7]

There are seven small cells and two high-domed chambers forming the western wing of the madrasa. The domes are "high-drummed" and corbel arched gateways are underneath them. The domes of these chambers are supported by the corbelled pendentives – the first instance of their use in India. The cells were probably used as the apartments.[3][7]

Three rooms form the southern wing of the madrasa. The tomb attributed to Alauddin Khalji is located in the central room. The central room measures 16 by 12 feet (4.9 m × 3.7 m). The walls of the room are thick and are made of rock and limestone. However, currently they are eroded except the sharp-edge rocks beneath them.[3][4] The dome of the room has been destroyed over time.[3] Galleries or narrow passageways on both sides of the central room separate it from the other rooms of the madrasa.[2][3] The tomb is 7 by 4 feet (2.1 m × 1.2 m).[4] The tomb does not have any headstone or inscription.[2][8] The tombs in the central and western rooms were discovered during excavations conducted in the early 1900s. The tomb is the first example of a tomb within a madrasa to be built in India. This is a feature of Seljuk architecture.[3][9]

Gallery

  • Tomb of Alauddin Khalji
    Tomb of Alauddin Khalji
  • The room in which Khalji is buried
    The room in which Khalji is buried
  • The madrasa as seen from courtyard
    The madrasa as seen from courtyard

Notes

  1. ^ a b Subhash Parihar (1999). Some Aspects of Indo-Islamic Architecture. Abhinav Publications. p. 166. ISBN 9788170173816.
  2. ^ a b c Ranjan Kumar Singh (2016). The Islamic Monuments of Delhi. Patridge Publishing. ISBN 9781482873146.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ala-ud-din's Madrasa and Tomb". Qutub Minar Delhi. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Jagdish, Sudhakar (11 February 2018). "Herein lies a king: A day in the life of Alauddin Khilji's tomb". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Who was Dilli's Khulji?". The Times of India. 5 February 2018. Archived from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  6. ^ Lal, Nikharika (8 December 2017). "Delhi's new-found interest in Alauddin Khilji's tomb: Yeh kya 'Padmavati' wala Khujli hai?, ask visitors". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b Sharma2002, p. 70.
  8. ^ Smith, R.V. (28 November 2016). "In search of 'Second Alexander'". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  9. ^ Sharma2002, p. 71.

References

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Madrasa and tomb of Alauddin Khalji
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