Mafia Island

Island and District in Tanzania / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Mafia Island (Kisiwa cha Mafia) is an island and district of Pwani Region, Tanzania. The island is the third largest in Tanzanian ocean territory,[1] but is not administratively included within the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar, which has been politically separate since 1890. Mafia Island forms the major part of Mafia District, one of the six administrative districts in the Pwani coastal region. The local archipelago and the main island are sometimes called Chole shamba in Swahili, hinterlands of the former maintown of Chole on Mafia Bay.[2]

Quick facts: Nickname Home of the Whale Shark, Geography,...
Nickname: Home of the Whale Shark
Administrative map (divisions, wards, and villages)
Mafia Island is located in Tanzania
Mafia Island
Mafia Island
Location of Mafia Island
Coordinates7°51′S 39°47′E
Area435 km2 (168 sq mi)
Length49 km (30.4 mi)
Width17 km (10.6 mi)
Highest elevation53 m (174 ft)
Highest pointunnamed hill
RegionPwani Region
DistrictMafia District
Capital cityKilindoni
Largest settlementKilindoni (pop. 11,696)
Population46,850 (2012)
Ethnic groupsRufiji, Matumbi
Additional information
Time zone

The island's population is over 40,000.[3][4][5] The economy is based on fishing, subsistence agriculture and the market in Kilindoni. The island attracts some tourists, mainly scuba divers, birdwatchers, game fishermen, and people wanting relaxation.[6][7]