Māgha Pūjā

Buddhist festival and day of observance in Southeast and South Asia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Magha Puja?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Māgha Pūjā (also written as Makha Bucha Day) is a Buddhist festival celebrated on the full moon day of the third lunar month[4] in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Sri Lanka and on the full moon day of Tabaung in Myanmar. It is the second most important Buddhist festival after Vesak, it celebrates a gathering that was held between the Buddha and 1,250 of his first disciples, which, according to tradition, preceded the custom of periodic recitation of discipline by monks. On the day, Buddhists celebrate the creation of an ideal and exemplary community, which is why it is sometimes called Saṅgha Day, the Saṅgha referring to the Buddhist community, and for some Buddhist schools this is specifically the monastic community.[5][1] In Thailand, the Pāli term Māgha-pūraṇamī is also used for the celebration, meaning 'to honor on the full moon of the third lunar month'.[6] Finally, some authors referred to the day as the Buddhist All Saints Day.[7][8]

Quick facts: Māgha Pūjā, Also called, Observed by, Ty...
Māgha Pūjā
The Buddha giving a discourse on Māgha Pūjā
Also calledSaṅgha Day
Fourfold Assembly Day[1]
Observed byCambodian, Lao, Burmese, Sri Lankan and Thai Theravāda Buddhists
SignificanceA historical meeting was held between the Buddha and his first 1,250 disciples
CelebrationsShwedagon Pagoda Festival
ObservancesProcession with light, general merit-making activities
DateFull moon day of the 3rd lunar month
2023 date5 Feb (Cambodia) 6 Mar (Thailand)[2]
Related toChotrul Duchen (in Tibet)
Daeboreum (in Korea)
Koshōgatsu (in Japan)
Lantern Festival (in China)
Tết Nguyên tiêu (in Vietnam)[3]

In pre-modern times, Māgha Pūjā has been celebrated by some Southeast Asian communities. But it became widely popular in the modern period, when it was instituted in Thailand by King Rama IV in the mid-19th century. From Thailand, it spread to other South and Southeast Asian countries. Presently, it is a public holiday in some of these countries. It is an occasion when Buddhists go to the temple to perform merit-making activities, such as alms giving, meditation and listening to teachings. It has been proposed in Thailand as a more spiritual alternative to the celebration of Valentine's Day.