Manijeh Razeghi - Wikiwand
For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Manijeh Razeghi.

Manijeh Razeghi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manijeh Razeghi
Alma mater
  • BS, Physics,Tehran University
  • DEA, Science des Matériaux
  • Docteur d'État ès Cycle, Solid State Physics
  • Docteur d'État ès Sciences Physiques
  • Université de Paris, France
Scientific career
Website Video: The Franklin Institute: Manijeh Razeghi, Inventor of Airport Scanners and Lasers That Carry the Internet

Manijeh Razeghi is an Iranian-American scientist in the fields of semiconductors and optoelectronic devices. She is a pioneer in modern epitaxial techniques for semiconductors such as low pressure metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), vapor phase epitaxy (VPE), molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), GasMBE, and MOMBE. These techniques have enabled the development of semiconductor devices and quantum structures with higher composition consistency and reliability, leading to major advancement in InP and GaAs based quantum photonics and electronic devices, which were at the core of the late 20th century optical fiber telecommunications and early information technology.[1]

Her current research interests involve many cutting-edge technologies including III-Nitride semiconductor devices, quantum cascade lasers, quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIP), and self assembled quantum dot devices.[2]


Razeghi received a Bachelor's degree in Nuclear Physics from Tehran University, then her doctorate from Université de Paris, France. In 1986, she became the head of Thomson-CSF Exploratory Materials Lab and made a major contribution to the field of semiconductor physics when she developed metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) epitaxial technique and published her pioneering work on InP in her book "The MOCVD Challenge Volume 1: A Survey of GaInAsP-InP for Photonic and Electronic Applications" (Adam Hilger Press, 1989).[3]

In 1991, Razeghi moved to the US to become the Walter P. Murphy Professor and Director of the Center for Quantum Devices, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University,[4] where she continued her research in a broad range of quantum devices such as lasers and photodetectors. In 1995, she published her second book "The MOCVD Challenge Volume 2: A Survey of GaInAsP-GaAs for Photonic and Electronic Device Applications" (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1995).[5]

In 2018, Professor Razeghi won the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Electrical Engineering for "the realization of high-power terahertz frequency sources operating at room temperature[6] using specially designed and manufactured semiconductor lasers, which enables a new generation of imagers, chemical/biological sensors, and ultra-broadband wireless communication systems."[7] She developed lasers that can detect explosives and pathogens[8][9] as well as electronic devices that will eventually deliver turbo-charged, super-fast WiFi.[citation needed]

She holds 60 patents [10] and has published 20 books[11] and more than 1000 papers.[12] Prof. Razeghi continues to make great academic contribution at Northwestern. She created both graduate and undergraduate programs in solid-state engineering (SSE), and has supervised over 50 PhD students and over 20 Master's students.

Awards and honors

Selected works


  1. ^ "Center for Quantum Devices - Director, Professor Manijeh Razeghi". Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  2. ^ "Razeghi, Manijeh | Faculty | Northwestern Engineering". Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  3. ^ Razeghi, Manijeh (2010-08-17). The MOCVD Challenge: Volume 1. CRC Press. doi:10.1201/9781439807002. ISBN 978-0-429-07555-1.
  4. ^ "Razeghi, Manijeh - Faculty - Northwestern Engineering". Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  5. ^ Razeghi, Manijeh (1995-01-01). The MOCVD Challenge: Volume 2. CRC Press. doi:10.1201/9781482289381. ISBN 978-0-429-07685-5.
  6. ^ UNIVERSITY, MANIJEH RAZEGHI, WENJIA ZHOU, DONGHAI WU, RYAN MCCLINTOCK AND STEVEN SLIVKEN, NORTHWESTERN. "Quantum Cascade Laser Breakthrough for Advanced Remote Detection". Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  7. ^ "The Franklin Institute Awards". March 15, 2018.
  8. ^ "StackPath". Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  9. ^ "New terahertz source could strengthen sensing applications". Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  10. ^ "Manijeh Razeghi Inventions, Patents and Patent Applications - Justia Patents Search". Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Manijeh Razeghi - Google Scholar Citations". Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  13. ^ "2018 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Electrical Engineering". The Franklin Institute.
  14. ^ "IEEE Life Fellow Profile".
  15. ^ Morris, Amanda (September 12, 2016). "Northwestern University Engineering News". Northwestern University.
  16. ^ "Professor Manijeh Razeghi of Northwestern University receives Jan Czochralski Gold Medal Award". SPIE International Society for Optics and Photonics.
  17. ^ "IBM Faculty of the Year Award Recipients" (PDF). IBM. 2013.
  18. ^ "Materials Research Society Fellows". MRS. 2008.
  19. ^ "MRS Fellows".
  20. ^ "American Physical Society Fellows". American Physical Society. 2004.
  21. ^ "Optical Society of America Fellows 2004". Optical Society of America.
  22. ^ "International Engineering Consortium Fellows". 2018.
  23. ^ "List of SPIE Fellows". The International Society for Optics and Photonics. 2018.
  24. ^ "Society of Women Engineers Achievement Award Recipients".
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Manijeh Razeghi
Listen to this article