Mansa Musa

Ruler of Mali (c. 1312 – c. 1337) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Musa I (Arabic: منسا موسى, romanized: Mansā Mūsā, N'Ko: ߞߊ߲߬ߞߎ߬ ߡߎߛߊ߫; r. c.1312  c.1337[lower-alpha 1]) was the ninth[3] mansa of the Mali Empire, which reached its territorial peak during his reign. Musa is known for his wealth and generosity. He has been subject to popular claims that he is the wealthiest person in history,[4] but his actual wealth is not known with any certainty. His riches came from the mining of significant gold and salt deposits in the Mali Empire, along with the slave and ivory trade.[5][6]

Quick facts: Musa I, Mansa of Mali, Reign, Predecessor, Su...
Musa I
Depiction of Mansa Musa, ruler of the Mali Empire in the 14th century, from a 1375 Catalan Atlas of the known world (mappa mundi
Mansa of Mali
Reignc.1312– c.1337 (c. 25 years)
Born13th century
Mali Empire
Diedc. 1337
Mali Empire
SpouseInari Kunate
HouseKeita dynasty

At the time of Musa's ascension to the throne, Mali in large part consisted of the territory of the former Ghana Empire, which Mali had conquered. The Mali Empire consisted of land that is now part of Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania, The Gambia, and the modern state of Mali.

Musa went on hajj to Mecca in 1324, traveling with an enormous entourage and a vast supply of gold. En route, he spent time in Cairo, where his lavish gift-giving is said to have noticeably affected the value of gold in Egypt and garnered the attention of the wider Muslim world.

Musa expanded the borders of the Mali Empire, in particular incorporating the cities of Gao and Timbuktu into its territory. He sought closer ties with the rest of the Muslim world, particularly the Mamluk and Marinid Sultanates. He recruited scholars from the wider Muslim world to travel to Mali, such as the Andalusian poet Abu Ishaq al-Sahili, and helped establish Timbuktu as a center of Islamic learning. His reign is associated with numerous construction projects, including part of Djinguereber Mosque in Timbuktu. Musa's reign is often regarded as the zenith of Mali's power and prestige.