cover image

Mars Orbiter Mission

Indian space probe, launched in 2013 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Mars Orbiter Mission?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), unofficially known as Mangalyaan,[11] (from Sanskrit: Mangala, "Mars" and yāna, "craft, vehicle")[12][13] was a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).[14][15][16][17] It was India's first interplanetary mission[18] and it made ISRO the fourth space agency to achieve Mars orbit, after Roscosmos, NASA, and the European Space Agency.[19] It made India the first Asian nation to reach the Martian orbit and the first nation in the world to do so on its maiden attempt.[20][21][22][23]

Quick facts: Names, Mission type, Operator, COSPAR ID, SAT...
Mars Orbiter Mission
Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft around Mars (illustration)
NamesMars Orbiter Mission, MOM, Mangalyaan
Mission typeMars orbiter
COSPAR ID2013-060A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.39370
Mission durationPlanned: 6 months[1]
Final: 7 years, 6 months, 8 days
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerU R Rao Satellite Centre
Launch mass1,337.2 kg (2,948 lb)[3]
BOL mass≈550 kg (1,210 lb)[4]
Dry mass482.5 kg (1,064 lb)[3]
Payload mass13.4 kg (30 lb)[3]
Dimensions1.5 m (4.9 ft) cube
Power840 watts[2]
Start of mission
Launch date5 November 2013, 09:08 (2013-11-05UTC09:08) UTC[5][6]
RocketPSLV-XL C25[7]
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre, FLP
End of mission
Last contactApril 2022[8]
Mars orbiter
Orbital insertion24 September 2014, 02:10 UTC (7:40 IST)[9][10]
MSD 50027 06:27 AMT
3291 days / 3203 sols
Orbital parameters
Periareon altitude421.7 km (262.0 mi)[9]
Apoareon altitude76,993.6 km (47,841.6 mi)[9]
Insignia depicting journey from Earth to an elliptical Martian orbit using Mars symbol  

The Mars Orbiter Mission probe lifted-off from the First Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25 at 09:08 UTC on 5 November 2013.[5][24] The launch window was approximately 20 days long and started on 28 October 2013.[6] The MOM probe spent about a month in Earth orbit, where it made a series of seven apogee-raising orbital manoeuvres before trans-Mars injection on 30 November 2013 (UTC).[25] After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was put into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.

The mission was a "technology demonstrator" project to develop the technologies for designing, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission.[26] It carried five scientific instruments.[27] The spacecraft was monitored from the Spacecraft Control Centre at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bengaluru with support from the Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) antennae at Bengaluru, Karnataka.[28]

On 2 October 2022, it was reported that the orbiter had irrecoverably lost communications with Earth after entering a seven-hour eclipse period in April 2022 that it was not designed to survive.[29][30][31] The following day, ISRO released a statement that all attempts to revive MOM had failed and officially declared it dead, citing the loss of fuel and battery power to the probe's instruments.[32]