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Mattstetten–Rothrist new line

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Mattstetten–Rothrist new line
Intercity tilting train on the Mattstetten–Rothrist line
Overview
TerminiOlten
Bern
Technical
Line length45.079 km (28.011 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Minimum radius3,000 m (9,843 ft)
Electrification15 kV/16.7 Hz AC overhead catenary
Operating speed200 km/h (120 mph)
Maximum incline2.0%
Route map

km
from Neuchâtel
106.1
Bern
540 m
103.3
Bern Wylerfeld
103.0
Bern Wankdorf
left: Worblaufen (70 m)
right: Worblental (206 m)
101.3
4.9
Löchligut
4.9
Grauholz Tunnel (6295 m)
12.3
Äspli
12.3
junction with the old line
via Burgdorf–Langenthal
to Olten (old line)
(17.1)
Birchiwald
wildlife crossing (60 m)
(18.4)
Rüdtlingen tunnel
(Chäs tunnel) (400 m)
(19.3)
Emme Crossing Tunnel (1633 m)
(24.4)
Neuschläg wildlife crossing (60 m)
(30.1)
Hersiwil tunnel (1000 m)
(33.1)
Önzberg Tunnel (3173 m)
36.0
junction with the
Solothurn–Wanzwil railway
36.0
Wanzwil
(36.6)
Gishübel tunnel (855 m)
Badwald wildlife crossing (80 m)
(40.3)
Thunstetten tunnel (889 m)
(42.9)
Langenthal tunnel (1107 m)
(48.2)
Aegerten tunnel (657 m)
Murg bridge
(crossing of old line; 223 m)
(49.2)
Murgenthal Tunnel (4745 m)
55.2
old line from Zollikofen,
Burgdorf and Langenthal
55.2
Rothrist West
56.4
Rothrist
(not served by new line)
407 m
56.4
45.2
Born Railway to Olten
Source: Swiss railway atlas[1]

The Mattstetten–Rothrist new line (Neubaustrecke Mattstetten-Rothrist) is Switzerland's first railway to reach speeds above 160 km/h (100mph) in regular operations, running between Mattstetten and Rothrist. It forms most of the Olten–Bern railway line, which makes up over half of the trunk route connecting Switzerland's main city, Zürich and its capital, Bern. The new line opened on 12 December 2007, as the centrepiece of the Rail 2000 project, a comprehensive upgrade of Swiss railways.

The line is almost 52 kilometres (32 mi) long, with one branch. At Wanzwil junction, a 10-kilometre (6.2 mi) upgraded former local line to Solothurn connects to the rest of the Jura foot railway line (to Biel/Bienne, Neuchâtel, Yverdon and Geneva). The line has a maximum speed of 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph) and has reduced the travel time between major Swiss hubs of Bern, Basel and Zurich to under an hour, allowing the regular interval timetable (German: Taktfahrplan) to be realized, where both express and stopping trains on all lines arrive and leave on the hour at Bern and Zurich stations, allowing a great number of convenient connections. The line was the longest new line built in Switzerland since 1926. Construction began in April 1996[2] and the last piece of rail was put into place on 30 April 2004 at the Bern-Solothurn canton border at Inkwil on the connection to Solothurn.[3]

The Mattstetten–Rothrist was the first in Switzerland to put the European Train Control System (ETCS) into regular operation. This was originally planned for December 2004 but had to be repeatedly postponed because of technical problems.[4] On 2 July 2006 testing at night was started and trains ran from 22:30 at up to 160 km/h (99 mph) with ETCS; from 23 July testing started at 21:30.[5] Switching from conventional signalling with external signals to in-cab ETCS signalling was successively brought into operation and on 18 March 2007, trains began to run with full ETCS Level 2 signalling at up to 160 km/h (99 mph); since December 2007 they have run at up to 200 km/h (124 mph). The ETCS trackside equipment consists of a Radio Block Center, the required balises and an electronic interlocking.[6]

References

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz [Swiss railway atlas]. Schweers + Wall. 2012. pp. 10, 19, 66. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
  2. ^ "Baubeginn" [Start of construction]. Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German). 45 (10): 593. 1996.
  3. ^ "Neubaustrecke Mattstetten–Rothrist fertiggestellt" [New build Mattsetten–Rothrist line completed]. Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German). 53 (6): 593. 2004.
  4. ^ "Vorerst nur auf Neubaustrecken" [For now on new-build lines only] (in German). Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 26 April 2007.
  5. ^ "ETCS starts well". Today's Railways Europe (129): 57. September 2006.
  6. ^ Trümpi, Arnold (6 June 2007). "ETCS Level 2: success for the Swiss Federal Railways". European Railway Review (2007 Issue 3): 98. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
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Mattstetten–Rothrist new line
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