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Mauretania (/ -/,; Classical Latin: [mau̯.reːˈt̪aː.ni.a]) is the Latin name for a region in the ancient Maghreb. It stretched from central present-day Algeria westwards to the Atlantic, covering northern present-day Morocco, and southward to the Atlas Mountains. Its native inhabitants, of Berber ancestry, were known to the Romans as the Mauri and the Masaesyli.
|3rd century BC – 44 AD|
|Status||Tribal Berber kingdoms (3rd century BC – 40 AD)|
Provinces of the Roman Empire (44 AD – 7th century AD)
Independent kingdoms (431 AD – 8th century)
Iol / Caesarea
|Common languages||Berber, Latin|
|Religion||Roman paganism, local beliefs, Christianity|
• 110–80 BC
• 25 BC - 23 AD.
• 20–40 AD
|Ptolemy of Mauretania.|
|Historical era||Classical Antiquity|
• client state of the Roman Empire
• Division into Roman provinces
|Today part of||Algeria|
In 25 BC, the kings of Mauretania became Roman vassals until about 44 AD, when the area was annexed to Rome and divided into two provinces: Mauretania Tingitana and Mauretania Caesariensis. Christianity spread there from the 3rd century onwards. After the Muslim Arabs subdued the region in the 7th century, Islam became the dominant religion.
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