Miao people

Ethnic group native to South China and Southeast Asia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Miao are a group of linguistically-related peoples living in Southern China and Southeast Asia, who are recognized by the government of China as one of the 56 official ethnic groups. The Miao live primarily in southern China's mountains, in the provinces of Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong, and Hainan. Some sub-groups of the Miao, most notably the Hmong people, have migrated out of China into Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Northern Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand). Following the communist takeover of Laos in 1975, a large group of Hmong refugees resettled in several Western nations, mainly in the United States, France, and Australia.

Quick facts: 苗族 Hmong / Hmub / Xongb / ab Hmaob m̥oŋ˦˧ / m...
Hmong / Hmub / Xongb / ab Hmaob
m̥oŋ˦˧ / m̥ʰu˧ / ɕoŋ˧˥ / a˥˧m̥ao˥˧
Headdress of the Long-horn Miao—one of the small branches of Miao living in the 12 villages near Zhijin County, Guizhou
Total population
11–12 million
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg China9,426,007 (2010)
Flag_of_Vietnam.svg Vietnam1,393,547 (2019)
Flag_of_Laos.svg Laos595,028 (2015)
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States299,000 (2015)[1][2]
Flag_of_Thailand.svg Thailand250,070 (2015)
Flag_of_France.svg France13,000
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia2,190[3]
Hmongic languages, Kim Mun language, Mandarin, Cantonese, Vietnamese, Tai–Kadai languages (Lao and Thai), French
Miao folk religion Minorities: Taoism, Atheism, Irreligion, Christianity, Buddhism
Quick facts: Miao people, Chinese, Transcriptions, Standar...
Miao people
Miao folkdance - Guizhou, China

Miao is a Chinese term, while the component groups of people have their own autonyms, such as (with some variant spellings) Hmong, Hmu, Xong (Qo-Xiong), and A-Hmao. These people (except those in Hainan) speak Hmongic languages, a subfamily of the Hmong–Mien languages including many mutually unintelligible languages such as the Hmong, Hmub, Xong and A-Hmao.[4]

Not all speakers of the Hmongic languages belong to the Miao. For example, the speakers of the Bunu and Bahengic languages are designated as the Yao, and the speakers of the Sheic languages are designated as the She and the Yao.

The Kem Di Mun people in Hainan, despite being officially designated as Miao people, are linguistically and culturally identical to the Kim Mun people in continental China who are classified as a subgroup of the Yao.[5]