Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Minas Gerais?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
Minas Gerais ([ˈminɐz ʒeˈɾajs] i) is a state in Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte (literally "Beautiful Horizon"), is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil and its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5.8 million inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state. The state has 10.1% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 8.7% of the Brazilian GDP.
|Estado de Minas Gerais|
State of Minas Gerais
Libertas quæ sera tamen (Latin)
"Freedom albeit late"
|Capital and largest city||Belo Horizonte|
|• Governor||Romeu Zema (NOVO)|
|• Vice Governor||Mateus Simões (NOVO)|
|• Senators||Carlos Viana (PODE)|
Cleitinho Azevedo (REP)
Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD)
|• Total||586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||33.41/km2 (86.5/sq mi)|
|• Year||2015 estimate|
|• Total||US$280 billion (PPP) US$157.374 billion (nominal) (3rd)|
|• Per capita||US$13,267 (PPP) US$7,458 (nominal) (11th)|
|• Category||0.774 – high (4th)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (MGT)|
30000-000 to 39990-000
|ISO 3166 code||BR-MG|
With an area of 586,528 square kilometres (226,460 sq mi)—larger than Metropolitan France—it is the fourth largest state in Brazil. The main producer of coffee and milk in the country, Minas Gerais is known for its heritage of architecture and colonial art in historical cities such as São João del-Rei, Congonhas, Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Tiradentes, Mariana, Sabará and Serro. In the south, the tourist points are the hydro-mineral spas, such as Caxambu, Lambari, São Lourenço, Poços de Caldas, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde (a district of the municipality of Camanducaia) and the national parks of Caparaó and Canastra. The landscape of the state is marked by mountains, valleys, and large areas of fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls are the attractions. Some of Brazil's most famous caves are located there.