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Minas Gerais

State in Southeastern Brazil / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Minas Gerais ([ˈminɐz ʒeˈɾajs] i) is a state in Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte (literally "Beautiful Horizon"), is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil and its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5.8 million inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.[3] Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state.[4] The state has 10.1% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 8.7% of the Brazilian GDP.

Quick facts: Minas Gerais, Country, Capital and largest ci...
Minas Gerais
Estado de Minas Gerais
State of Minas Gerais
Coat of arms of Minas Gerais
Libertas quæ sera tamen (Latin)
"Freedom albeit late"
Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W
CountryFlag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil
Capital and largest cityBandeira-de-Belo-Horizonte.svg Belo Horizonte
  GovernorRomeu Zema (NOVO)
  Vice GovernorMateus Simões (NOVO)
  SenatorsCarlos Viana (PODE)
Cleitinho Azevedo (REP)
Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD)
  Total586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)
  Density33.41/km2 (86.5/sq mi)
  Year2015 estimate
  TotalUS$280 billion (PPP) US$157.374 billion (nominal) (3rd)
  Per capitaUS$13,267 (PPP) US$7,458 (nominal) (11th)
  Category0.774[2]high (4th)
Time zoneUTC-3 (MGT)
Postal Code
30000-000 to 39990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MG

With an area of 586,528 square kilometres (226,460 sq mi)—larger than Metropolitan France—it is the fourth largest state in Brazil. The main producer of coffee and milk in the country, Minas Gerais is known for its heritage of architecture and colonial art in historical cities such as São João del-Rei, Congonhas, Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Tiradentes, Mariana, Sabará and Serro. In the south, the tourist points are the hydro-mineral spas, such as Caxambu, Lambari, São Lourenço, Poços de Caldas, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde (a district of the municipality of Camanducaia) and the national parks of Caparaó and Canastra. The landscape of the state is marked by mountains,[5] valleys, and large areas of fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls are the attractions. Some of Brazil's most famous caves are located there.[citation needed]