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Azuchi–Momoyama period

Period of Japanese history from 1568 to 1600 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Azuchi–Momoyama period (安土桃山時代, Azuchi–Momoyama jidai) was the final phase of the Sengoku period (戦国時代, Sengoku jidai) in Japanese history from 1568 to 1600.

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Azuchi–Momoyama period
  • 安土桃山時代
  • Azuchi–Momoyama jidai
Flag of Azuchi–Momoyama period
Mon of the Oda Clan
Mon of the Toyotomi Clan(1585–1615) of Azuchi–Momoyama period
Mon of the Toyotomi Clan
Location of Azuchi–Momoyama period
Largest city
Common languagesLate Middle Japanese
GovernmentFeudal confederal military dictatorship
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
Akechi Mitsuhide
Head of government 
Oda Nobunaga
Akechi Mitsuhide
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Council of Five Elders
 Oda Nobunaga captures Kyoto
October 18, 1568
 Ashikaga shogunate abolished
September 2, 1573
June 21, 1582
July 2, 1582
 Death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
September 18, 1598
October 21, 1600
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ashikaga_mon.svg Ashikaga shogunate
Mon-Oda.png Oda clan
Toyotomi_mon.png Toyotomi clan
Tokugawa shogunate Tokugawa_family_crest.svg
  1. Emperor's residence and de jure capital of Japan.
  2. Oda Nobunaga's residence and de facto capital of Japan.

After the outbreak of the Ōnin War in 1467, the power of the Ashikaga Shogunate effectively collapsed, marking the start of the chaotic Sengoku period. In 1568, Oda Nobunaga entered Kyoto to install Ashikaga Yoshiaki as the 15th and ultimately final Ashikaga shōgun. This entrance marked the start of the Azuchi-Momoyama period.

Nobunaga overthrew Yoshiaki and dissolved the Ashikaga Shogunate in 1573, launching a war of conquest to politically unify Japan by force from his base in Azuchi. Nobunaga was forced to commit suicide in the Honnō-ji Incident in 1582. His successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi completed Nobunaga's campaign of unification and enacted reforms to consolidate his rule, marking the end of the Sengoku period. Hideyoshi launched the Japanese invasions of Korea in 1592, but the invasion's failure damaged his prestige, and his young son and successor Toyotomi Hideyori was challenged by Tokugawa Ieyasu after Hideyoshi's death in 1598.

The Azuchi–Momoyama period ended with the Tokugawa victory at the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 – unofficially establishing the Tokugawa Shogunate and beginning the Edo period.[1] The Azuchi–Momoyama period encompassed the transition of Japanese society from the pre-modern to the early modern period. The Azuchi–Momoyama period is named after Nobunaga's Azuchi Castle and Hideyoshi's Momoyama Castle, and is also known as the Shokuhō period (織豊時代, Shokuhō jidai) in some Japanese texts, abridged from the surnames of the period's two leaders in on-yomi: Shoku () for Oda (織田) plus () for Toyotomi (豊臣).[1]