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Moscow Metro

Rapid transit system in Moscow / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Moscow Metro[lower-alpha 1] is a metro system serving the Russian capital of Moscow as well as the neighbouring cities of Krasnogorsk, Reutov, Lyubertsy and Kotelniki in Moscow Oblast. Opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union.

Quick facts: Moscow Metro, Overview, Native name, Owner, L...
Moscow Metro
Komsomolskaya Station Central Hall
Sokolniki Station Central Hall
Rumyantsevo Station Central Hall
Arbatskaya Station (line 4) Surface Vestibule
Kropotkinskaya Station Surface Vestibule
Arbatskaya Station (line 3) Central Hall
Park Kultury Station Central Hall
Ploschad Revolyutsii Station Central Hall
Troparyovo Station Surface Vestibule
Krasnye Vorota Station Surface Vestibule
Biblioteka Imeni Lenina Station Central Hall
Troparyovo Station Central Hall
Sokol Station Central Hall
Native nameМосковский метрополитен
OwnerGovernment of Moscow
LocaleFederal city of Moscow and
cities of Kotelniki, Krasnogorsk, Lyubertsy, Reutov in Moscow Oblast, Russia
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines17 (including the Moscow Monorail and the Moscow Central Circle)[1]
Number of stations258[1]
295 (including 6 stations of the Moscow Monorail and 31 stations of the Moscow Central Circle)
Daily ridership(average) 6.992 million
(highest, 26 Dec 2014) 9.715 million [1]
Annual ridership2.5 billion (2018)[1]
Chief executiveViktor Kozlovsky
Began operation15 May 1935; 87 years ago (1935-05-15)
Operator(s)Moskovsky Metropoliten
HeadwayPeak hours: 1–2 minutes
Off-peak: 4–7 minutes
System length459.9 km (285.8 mi)[1]
518.6 km (322.2 mi) including Moscow Monorail and Moscow Central Circle
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in)
Electrification825 Volt DC third rail,
3 kV DC overhead line
Average speed39.54 km/h (24.57 mph)[1]
System map



As of 2023, the Moscow Metro, excluding the Moscow Central Circle, the Moscow Central Diameters and the Moscow Monorail, had 258 stations (295 with Moscow Central Circle and the Monorail) and its route length was 459.9 km (285.8 mi) (without Moscow Central Circle and the Monorail),[1] making it the eighth-longest in the world and the longest outside China. The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section 84 metres (276 ft) underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world's deepest underground stations. It is the busiest metro system in Europe, and is considered a tourist attraction in itself.[2]