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Mutual Security Agency

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Mutual Security Agency
PredecessorEconomic Cooperation Administration
FormationOctober 10, 1951; 69 years ago (1951-10-10)
DissolvedAugust 1, 1953; 67 years ago (1953-08-01)
Merger ofForeign Operations Administration
HeadquartersWashington, DC
Servicesmilitary and economic assistance
LeaderWilliam Averell Harriman (1951–1953)
Harold E. Stassen

The Mutual Security Agency (1951–1953) was a US agency to strengthen European allies of World War II through military assistance and economic recovery.


On October 10, 1951, the United States Congress established the Mutual Security Agency to strengthen America's allies in Europe through military assistance and economic recovery after determining this would be beneficial to America's long-term security. The agency superseded the Economic Cooperation Administration, which had only oversight over economic aid. The new agency was responsible for development and administration of those military and economic assistance programs not administered by the Technical Cooperation Administration.

Reorganization Plan No. 7 1953 (67 Stat. 641) abolished the Mutual Security Agency on August 1, 1953.[1] The federal organization functions were transferred to the new Foreign Operations Administration.[2]

Directors of the MSA

The Directorship of the Mutual Security Agency was a Presidential appointment, approved by the United States Senate.

See also


  1. ^ "Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1953" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. August 1, 1953.
  2. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Dwight D. Eisenhower: "Special Message to the Congress Transmitting Reorganization Plan 7 of 1953 Relating to the Establishment of the Foreign Operations Administration.," June 1, 1953". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.


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Mutual Security Agency
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