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|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name||Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el‑Mughara Caves|
|Location||Mount Carmel, Israel|
|Criteria||Cultural: (iii), (v)|
|Inscription||2012 (36th session)|
|Area||54 ha (130 acres)|
|Buffer zone||370 ha (910 acres)|
Location of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve in Near East
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve (Israel)
The Caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara ("Caves Creek"), named here by the Hebrew and Arabic name of the valley where they are located, are a UNESCO Site of Human Evolution in the Carmel mountain range near Haifa in northern Israel.
The four UNESCO-listed caves are:
- Tabun Cave or Tanur Cave (lit.: "Oven")
- Gamal Cave or el-Jamal ("Camel")
- el-Wad Cave or Nahal Cave ("Stream")
- Es-Skhul Cave or Gedi Cave ("Kid")
The caves were used for habitation by hominins and prehistoric humans and contain unique evidence of very early burials, at the archaeological site of el-Wad Cave in the Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve.
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