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Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameSites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el‑Mughara Caves
LocationMount Carmel, Israel
CriteriaCultural: (iii), (v)
Reference1393
Inscription2012 (36th session)
Area54 ha (130 acres)
Buffer zone370 ha (910 acres)
Coordinates32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E / 32.67000°N 34.96528°E / 32.67000; 34.96528Coordinates: 32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E / 32.67000°N 34.96528°E / 32.67000; 34.96528
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
Location of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve in Near East
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve (Israel)

The Caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara ("Caves Creek"), named here by the Hebrew and Arabic name of the valley where they are located, are a UNESCO Site of Human Evolution in the Carmel mountain range near Haifa in northern Israel.[1][2]

The four UNESCO-listed caves are:

  • Tabun Cave or Tanur Cave (lit.: "Oven")
  • Gamal Cave or el-Jamal ("Camel")
  • el-Wad Cave or Nahal Cave ("Stream")
  • Es-Skhul Cave or Gedi Cave ("Kid")

The four caves were proclaimed a site of "outstanding universal value" by UNESCO[1] in 2012. They are protected within a nature reserve.[2]

The caves were used for habitation by hominins and prehistoric humans and contain unique evidence of very early burials, at the archaeological site of el-Wad Cave in the Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve.

  • A Paleolithic reconstitution in Jamal Cave
    A Paleolithic reconstitution in Jamal Cave
  • Paleolithic tools in Jamal Cave (replica)
    Paleolithic tools in Jamal Cave (replica)
  • Entrance to el‑Wad Cave
    Entrance to el‑Wad Cave
  • Inside el‑Wad Cave
    Inside el‑Wad Cave
  • Excavation work in el‑Wad Cave's terrace
    Excavation work in el‑Wad Cave's terrace
  • El‑Wad point microlith
    El‑Wad point microlith
  • Flint stone points, Boqer Tahtit Cave (Ein Avdat) and el‑Wad Cave, 50000 – 28000 BP (Israel Museum)
    Flint stone points, Boqer Tahtit Cave (Ein Avdat) and el‑Wad Cave, 50000 – 28000 BP (Israel Museum)
  • Homo neandertalensis fossil from Tabun C1 (replica). 120000 – 50000 BP (Israel Museum)
    Homo neandertalensis fossil from Tabun C1 (replica). 120000 – 50000 BP (Israel Museum)

References

  1. ^ a b [1] UNESCO website
  2. ^ a b "Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
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Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
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