cover image

National Assembly (France)

Lower house of the French Parliament under the Fifth Republic / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about National Assembly of France?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old


The National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale; pronounced [asɑ̃ble nɑsjɔnal]) is the lower house of the bicameral French Parliament under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat). The National Assembly's legislators are known as députés (French pronunciation: [depyte]), meaning "delegate" or "envoy" in English; etymologically, it is a cognate of the English word deputy, which is the standard term for legislators in many parliamentary systems).

Quick facts: National Assembly Assemblée nationale, Type,...
National Assembly

Assemblée nationale
16th legislature of the Fifth French Republic
Coat of arms or logo
Founded4 October 1958; 65 years ago (1958-10-04)
Preceded byNational Assembly
(French Fourth Republic)
Yaël Braun-Pivet, RE
since 28 June 2022
Political groups
Government (251)
  •   RE (171)[lower-alpha 1]
  •   DEM (51)[lower-alpha 2]
  •   HOR (29)[lower-alpha 3]

Opposition (326)

Two-round system
Last election
12 and 19 June 2022
Next election
Meeting place
Palais Bourbon, Paris
Website Edit this at Wikidata
Règlement de l’Assemblée nationale

There are 577 députés, each elected by a single-member constituency (at least one per department) through a two-round system; thus, 289 seats are required for a majority. The president of the National Assembly, currently Yaël Braun-Pivet, presides over the body. The officeholder is usually a member of the largest party represented, assisted by vice presidents from across the represented political spectrum. The National Assembly's term is five years; however, the President of France may dissolve the Assembly, thereby calling for early elections, unless it has been dissolved in the preceding twelve months. This measure has become rarer since the 2000 French constitutional referendum reduced the presidential term from seven to five years; since the 2002 French legislative election and until the 2022 French legislative election, the President of the Republic has always had a coattail effect of majority in the Assembly two months after the presidential election, and it would accordingly be of little benefit to dissolve it. Due to the separation of powers, the President of the Republic may not take part in parliamentary debates. They can address the Congress of the French Parliament, which meets at the Palace of Versailles, or have the address read by the presidents of both chambers of Parliament, with no subsequent debate.

Following a tradition started by the first National Assembly during the French Revolution, the left-wing parties sit to the left as seen from the president's seat and the right-wing parties to the right; the seating arrangement thus directly indicates the left–right political spectrum as represented in the Assembly. The official seat of the National Assembly is the Palais Bourbon on the Rive Gauche of the Seine in the 7th arrondissement of Paris. The Assembly also uses other neighbouring buildings, including the Immeuble Chaban-Delmas on the Rue de l'Université, Paris. Like most institutions of importance in Paris, it is guarded by Republican Guards.

Oops something went wrong: