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Navarre (English: //; Spanish: Navarra [naˈβara] ⓘ; Basque: Nafarroa [nafaro.a]), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra [komuniˈðað foˈɾal de naˈβara]; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea [nafaro.ako foɾu komunitate.a]), is a landlocked foral autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France. The capital city is Pamplona (Basque: Iruña). The present-day province makes up the majority of the territory of the medieval Kingdom of Navarre, a long-standing Pyrenean kingdom that occupied lands on both sides of the western Pyrenees, with its northernmost part, Lower Navarre, located in the southwest corner of France.
|Chartered Community of Navarre|
Comunidad Foral de Navarra (Spanish)
Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea (Basque)
|Anthem: Gorteen Ereserkia / Himno de las Cortes |
"Anthem of the Courts"
|• President||María Chivite (PSN-PSOE)|
(2.2% of Spain; Ranked 11th)
|• Total||10,391 km2 (4,012 sq mi)|
|• Density||64/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|• Pop. rank||15th|
|• Percent||1.3% of Spain|
|Official languages||Spanish (Basque is co-official in the Basque-speaking areas)|
|Statute of Autonomy||16 August 1982|
|Parliament||Parliament of Navarre|
|Congress seats||5 (of 350) deputies|
|Senate seats||5 (of 265) senators|
very high · 3rd
Navarre is in the transition zone between Green Spain and semi-arid interior areas, and thus its landscapes vary widely across the region. Being in a transition zone also produces a highly variable climate, with summers that are a mix of cooler spells and heat waves, and winters that are mild for the latitude. Navarre is one of the historic Basque districts: its Basque features are conspicuous in the north, but virtually absent on the southern fringes. The best-known event in Navarre is the annual festival of San Fermín held in Pamplona in July.
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