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Nongoma Local Municipality

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Location of Nongoma Local Municipality within KwaZulu-Natal
Coordinates: 27°55′S 31°39′E / 27.917°S 31.650°E / -27.917; 31.650Coordinates: 27°55′S 31°39′E / 27.917°S 31.650°E / -27.917; 31.650
CountrySouth Africa
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • MayorMA Mncwango (2007)
 • Total2,182 km2 (842 sq mi)
 • Total194,908
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African99.5%
 • Coloured0.1%
 • Indian/Asian0.2%
 • White0.1%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu96.5%
 • Other3.5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeKZN265

Nongoma Local Municipality is a local municipality in the northeastern part of Zululand in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. It is Zululand’s second largest municipality in terms of population and the second largest in terms of area.[4] It shares its name with the town of Nongoma, which serves as the seat of the municipality. It is the home of King Goodwill Zwelethini, the hereditary traditional leader of the Zulu nation, and his royal palaces are among the main tourist attractions in the region.

Nongoma is predominantly a rural municipality. It encompasses 363 settlements, only one of which (Nongoma) has some urban characteristics. 98.34% of the population lives in rural areas. The level of education is low. Only 33% of the population have a primary education; only 5.3% have an education to Grade 12.[5]

Infrastructure and facilities

The Nongoma Local Municipality has one hospital and twelve clinics/health facilities. There is one full-fledged police station, one social development office facility, one full-fledged post office, one library, and two sports facilities. There are about 25 community primary schools, 13 high schools, and one Further Education and Training (FET) college active in the area.[5]

Only 12% of the community have access to electricity. The remaining 88% meet their energy needs using hydrocarbon (coal, gas, and paraffin) and/or biomass (wood, cow-dung, and crop waste). The task of collecting these have severe social and health costs which accrue primarily to rural women and children.

A radial network of roads converges in Nongoma Local Municipality. The rural roads are generally in poor condition and are often inaccessible during the rainy season. Although there are 12 clinics that serve the three tribal authority areas, a number of people still do not have access to these clinics due to poor road conditions and limited access to roads. In some areas there are no clinics and thus the people are deprived of basic health care. The situation contributes to the poor health conditions in the municipality.

Almost 56% of Nongoma's communities have no access to a telephone network. Only 1% of the municipality's households have a telephone in their actual dwelling.

There is an airstrip at eBukhalini that services the flight needs of the region. The airstrip is mainly used by specialist surgeons who visit the local Benedictine Hospital on a regular basis. The local business community and the king of the Zulu nation also use the airstrip.

Natural environment

The rugged mountainous terrain and the contrasting grass lands of Nongoma provide a scenic quality. However, the environment in Nongoma is currently in a state of degradation. Overgrazing and incorrect cultivation methods have led to erosion and the degradation of field quality. Important river systems are the Ivuna River, Black Mfolozi River and Mona River. Water pollution is a common problem in the area as the people use the rivers for all purposes, including washing clothes, animal feed, human consumption and other purposes. In many areas the rivers and streams are the only water source available to the communities.[5]


The municipal council consists of forty-two members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Twenty-one councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in twenty-one wards, while the remaining twenty-one are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) won a majority of twenty-two seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.[6][7]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total % Ward List Total
IFP 29,104 29,073 58,177 53.0 21 1 22
ANC 17,020 16,861 33,881 30.8 0 13 13
Democratic Alliance 6,559 7,473 14,032 12.8 0 5 5
Economic Freedom Fighters 1,970 1,725 3,695 3.4 0 2 2
Independent 61 61 0.1 0 0
Total 54,714 55,132 109,846 100.0 21 21 42
Spoilt votes 954 627 1,581

Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[8]

Place Code Area (km2) Population
Mandlakazi 53001 1,334.31 105,341
Matheni 53002 231.88 20,339
Nongoma 53003 10.13 2,743
Usuthu 53004 609.02 70,020


  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c The Integrated Development Plan - Final Report, July 2008. Nongoma Local Municipality. Retrieved on Oct 11, 2009.
  6. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Nongoma" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Nongoma" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  8. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
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Nongoma Local Municipality
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