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North Karelia

Region of Finland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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North Karelia (or Northern Karelia, Finnish: Pohjois-Karjala; Swedish: Norra Karelen) is a region in eastern Finland. It borders the regions of Kainuu, North Savo, South Savo and South Karelia, as well as Russia's Republic of Karelia. It is the easternmost region of Finland and shares a 300 kilometres (190 mi) border with Russia.[1] The city of Joensuu is the capital and the largest settlement of the region.

Quick facts: North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala (Finni...
North Karelia
Pohjois-Karjala (Finnish)
Norra Karelen (Swedish)
Region of North Karelia
Pohjois-Karjalan maakunta
Landskapet Norra Karelen
Flag of North Karelia
Coat of arms of North Karelia
North Karelia on a map of Finland
North Karelia on a map of Finland
Coordinates: 63°00′N 30°00′E
Historical provinceKarelia
  Total21,584.41 km2 (8,333.79 sq mi)
  Density7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeFI-13
Regional animalBrown bear
Regional birdCuckoo
Regional fishLake salmon
Regional flowerPrickly rose
Regional stoneSoapstone
Regional lakeLake Pielinen

North Karelia has successfully reduced chronic diseases through public health measures.[2][3] In the 1960s Finland led industrialized nations in heart disease mortality rates; North Karelia had Finland's highest incidence. In 1972 a long-term project was undertaken which targeted this risk in North Karelia.[4] The resulting improvement in public health is still considered remarkable, a model for the rest of the nation.[5] North Karelia is also known as the most sociable region in Finland.[6]

View from a hill in Koli National Park, the most famous tourist attraction in North Karelia