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North Region, Portugal

NUTS II Region in Portugal / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The North Region (Portuguese: Região do Norte [ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃w du ˈnɔɾtɨ]) or Northern Portugal is the most populous region in Portugal, ahead of Lisbon, and the third most extensive by area. The region has 3,576,205 inhabitants according to the 2017 census, and its area is 21,278 kilometres (13,222 mi) with a density of 173 inhabitants per square kilometre. It is one of five regions of Mainland Portugal (NUTS II subdivisions). Its main population center is the urban area of Porto, with about one million inhabitants; it includes a larger political metropolitan region with 1.8 million, and an urban-metropolitan agglomeration with 2.99 million inhabitants, including Porto and neighboring cities, such as Braga, Guimarães and Póvoa de Varzim. The Commission of Regional Coordination of the North (CCDR-N) is the agency that coordinates environmental policies, land-use planning, cities and the overall development of this region, supporting local governments and associations.[3]

Quick facts: North Region Região do Norte, Country, Re...
North Region
Região do Norte
The Douro Valley, where port wine is produced
The Douro Valley, where port wine is produced
Etymology: norte, Portuguese for north
Location of the North Region in Portugal
Location of the North Region in Portugal
CountryFlag_of_Portugal.svg Portugal
  Total21,278 km2 (8,215 sq mi)
  Total3,689,173 (1st)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
HDI (2019)0.851[1]
very high · 3rd
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
- Total€ 61.745 billion[2]
- Per capita€ 16,900[2]
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
- Total€ 48.148 billion[2]
- Per capita€ 13,200[2]
Statistics from INE (2005); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)

Northern Portugal is a culturally varied region. It is a land of dense vegetation and profound historic and cultural wealth. What is now Northern Portugal was first settled by various pre-Celtic and Celtic tribes before being visited by a number of Mediterranean civilizations who traded in its river-mouths, including Greek, Carthaginians, conquest by the Romans, invasion by Germanic peoples, and attacks by the Moors and the Vikings.