Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Novosibirsk?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
Novosibirsk (/ - -/,, also UK: /-/; Russian: Новосиби́рск, IPA: [nəvəsʲɪˈbʲirsk] ⓘ) is the largest city and administrative centre of Novosibirsk Oblast and the Siberian Federal District in Russia. As of the 2021 Census, it had a population of 1,633,595, making it the most populous city in Siberia and the third-most populous city in Russia after Moscow and Saint Petersburg. The city is located in southwestern Siberia, on the banks of the Ob River.
|Federal subject||Novosibirsk Oblast|
|City status since||January 10, 1904 [O.S. December 28, 1903]|
|• Body||Council of Deputies|
|• Head (Mayor)||Anatoly Lokot|
|• Total||502.7 km2 (194.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||150 m (490 ft)|
|• Estimate||1,612,833 (+9.4%)|
|• Rank||3rd in 2010|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|• Capital of||Novosibirsk Oblast, Novosibirsky District|
|• Urban okrug||Novosibirsk Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||City of Novosibirsk, Novosibirsky Municipal District|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (MSK+4 )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 383|
|City Day||Last Sunday of June|
Novosibirsk was founded in 1893 on the Ob River crossing point of the future Trans-Siberian Railway, where the Novosibirsk Rail Bridge was constructed. Originally named Novonikolayevsk ("New Nicholas") in honor of Emperor Nicholas II, the city rapidly grew into a major transport, commercial, and industrial hub. Novosibirsk was ravaged by the Russian Civil War but recovered during the early Soviet period and gained its present name, Novosibirsk ("New Siberia"), in 1926. Under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, Novosibirsk became one of the largest industrial centers of Siberia. Following the outbreak of World War II, the city hosted many factories relocated from the Russian core.
Novosibirsk is home to numerous Russian corporations, the neo-Byzantine Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the Novosibirsk Opera and Ballet Theatre, as well as the Novosibirsk Zoo. It is served by Tolmachevo Airport, the busiest airport in Siberia.