Berber kingdom in North Africa (202 BC - 46 AD) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Numidia[needs IPA] was the ancient kingdom of the Numidians in northwest Africa, initially comprising the territory that now makes up Algeria, but later expanding across what is today known as Tunisia and Libya. The polity was originally divided between the Massylii in the east and the Masaesyli in the west. During the Second Punic War (218–201 BC), Masinissa, king of the Massylii, defeated Syphax of the Masaesyli to unify Numidia into the first Berber state in present-day Algeria.[7] The kingdom began as a sovereign state and later alternated between being a Roman province and a Roman client state.

Quick facts: Kingdom of Numidia, Capital, Common lang...
Kingdom of Numidia
202 BC–25 BC
Flag of Numidia
Numidian coins under Massinissa
Map of Numidia after the Punic wars
Map of Numidia after the Punic wars
CapitalCirta (today Constantine, Algeria)
Common languagesNumidian[lower-alpha 1]
Punic[lower-alpha 2]
Latin[lower-alpha 3]
Greek[lower-alpha 4]
 202–148 BC
 60–46 BC
Juba I of Numidia
 30–25 BC
Juba II of Numidia
Historical eraAntiquity
202 BC
 Annexed by the Roman Empire
25 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Ancient Carthage
Blank.png Massylii
Blank.png Masaesyli
Numidia (Roman province) Blank.png
Mauretania Blank.png
Today part of

Numidia, at its largest extent, was bordered by Mauretania to the west, at the Moulouya River,[8] Africa Proconsularis to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara to the south.

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