# Circular sector

## From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A **circular sector**, also known as **circle sector** or **disk sector** (symbol: **⌔**), is the portion of a disk (a closed region bounded by a circle) enclosed by two radii and an arc, where the smaller area is known as the *minor sector* and the larger being the *major sector*.^{[1]} In the diagram, θ is the central angle, the radius of the circle, and is the arc length of the minor sector.

The angle formed by connecting the endpoints of the arc to any point on the circumference that is not in the sector is equal to half the central angle.^{[2]}

## Types

A sector with the central angle of 180° is called a *half-disk* and is bounded by a diameter and a semicircle. Sectors with other central angles are sometimes given special names, such as **quadrants** (90°), **sextants** (60°), and **octants** (45°), which come from the sector being one 4th, 6th or 8th part of a full circle, respectively. Confusingly, the arc of a quadrant (a circular arc) can also be termed a quadrant.

### Compass

Traditionally wind directions on the compass rose are given as one of the 8 octants (N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, NW) because that is more precise than merely giving one of the 4 quadrants, and the wind vane typically does not have enough accuracy to allow more precise indication.

The name of the instrument "octant" comes from the fact that it is based on 1/8th of the circle. Most commonly, octants are seen on the compass rose.

## Area

See also: Circular arc § Sector area |

The total area of a circle is *πr*^{2}. The area of the sector can be obtained by multiplying the circle's area by the ratio of the angle θ (expressed in radians) and 2*π* (because the area of the sector is directly proportional to its angle, and 2*π* is the angle for the whole circle, in radians):

The area of a sector in terms of *L* can be obtained by multiplying the total area π*r*^{2} by the ratio of *L* to the total perimeter 2π*r*.

Another approach is to consider this area as the result of the following integral:

Converting the central angle into degrees gives^{[3]}

## Perimeter

The length of the perimeter of a sector is the sum of the arc length and the two radii:

## Arc length

The formula for the length of an arc is:^{[4]}

^{[5]}

If the value of angle is given in degrees, then we can also use the following formula by:^{[3]}

## Chord length

The length of a chord formed with the extremal points of the arc is given by

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