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Odisha

State in Eastern India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Odisha (English: /əˈdɪsə/,[13] Odia: [oɽiˈsa] (listen)), formerly Orissa (/ɒˈrɪsə, ɔː-, -/[14] the official name until 2011), is an Indian state located in Eastern India. It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India.[15] It neighbours the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has a coastline of 485 kilometres (301 mi) along the Bay of Bengal in Indian Ocean.[16] The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned by this name in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana".[17] The language of Odisha is Odia, which is one of the Classical Languages of India.[18]

Quick facts: Odisha, Country, Statehood, Capital and Large...
Odisha
Anthem: Bande Utkala Janani
(I Adore Thee, O Mother Utkala!)
Coordinates (Bhubaneswar): 20.27°N 85.82°E / 20.27; 85.82
Country India
Statehood1 April 1936
(Utkal Divas)
Capital and
Largest city
Bhubaneswar[1]
Districts30
Government
  BodyGovernment of Odisha
  GovernorGaneshi Lal
  Chief MinisterNaveen Patnaik (BJD)
  LegislatureUnicameral (147 seats)
  Parliamentary constituencyLok Sabha (21 seats)
Rajya Sabha (10 seats)
  High CourtOrissa High Court
Area
  Total155,707 km2 (60,119 sq mi)
  Rank8th
Population
 (2011)
  Total41,974,218[2]
  Rank11th
DemonymOdia
GDP (2021–22)
  Total5.86 trillion (US$73 billion)
  Per capita127,383 (US$1,600)
Language
  OfficialOdia[4]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-OR
Sex ratio (2021)1,063 /1000 [5]
HDI (2018) 0.606[6]
medium · 32nd
Literacy73.45%[7]
Websitewww.odisha.gov.in
Symbols of Odisha
Emblem
Emblem of Odisha
SongBande Utkala Janani
Dance
Odissi
Mammal
Sambar[8]
Bird
Indian roller[9][10]
Fish
Mahanadi mahseer[11]
Flower
Ashoka[8]
Tree
Sacred Fig[8][12]
Food
Pakhala
Sweet
Rasagola
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The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (which was again won back from them by King Kharavela) in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha.[19] The modern boundaries of Odisha were demarcated by the British Indian government when Orissa Province was established on 1 April 1936, consisting of the Odia-speaking districts of Bihar and Orissa Province.[19] The first of April is celebrated as Utkala Dibasa/Odisha Day.[20] Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c.1135,[21] after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.[22] The economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with 5.86 trillion (US$73 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of 127,383 (US$1,600).[3] Odisha ranks 32nd among Indian states in Human Development Index.[23]