Onésime Reclus (22 September 1837[1] – 30 June 1916) was a French geographer who specialized in the relations between France and its colonies.

Onésime Reclus (1837–1916)

In 1880 he coined the term "Francophonie" as a means of classification of peoples of the world, being determined by the language they all spoke.[2] While this term did not appear in dictionaries until 1930, it has become more important since the late 20th century as part of conceptual rethinking of cultures and geography.[3]