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Order of Assassins

1090–1275 Nizari Shia sect of Persia and Syria / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Order of Assassins or simply the Assassins (Persian: حَشّاشین, romanized: Ḥaššāšīn) were a Nizari Isma'ilist order and sect of Shia Islam that existed between 1090 and 1275 CE, founded by Hasan-i Sabbah.

Quick facts: Formation, Founder, Dissolved, Headquarters, ...
Formation1090 CE
FounderHassan-i Sabbah
Dissolved1275 CE
Official language
Persian (official) & Arabic (regional)
Parent organization
AffiliationsNizari Ismaili state
Masyaf Castle at Hama, Syria. It was the headquarters of the Syrian Assassins.
Edward I, King of England was nearly killed by an Assassin during Lord Edward's Crusade, most likely sent by the Mamluk Sultan Baibars, in order to remove his opposition to a 10-year truce with the Christian states at Jerusalem. He narrowly survived poisoning from the blade of the Assassin.

During that time, they lived in the mountains of Persia and in Syria, and held a strict subterfuge policy throughout the Middle East through the covert murder of Muslim and Christian leaders who were considered enemies of the Nizārī Ismāʿīlī State. The modern term assassination is believed to stem from the tactics used by the Assassins.[1]

Nizārī Ismāʿīlīsm formed in the late 11th century after a succession crisis within the Fatimid Caliphate between Nizār ibn al-Mustanṣir and his half-brother, caliph al-Musta‘lī.[2] Contemporaneous historians include Arabs ibn al-Qalanisi and Ali ibn al-Athir, and the Persian Ata-Malik Juvayni. The first two referred to the Assassins as batiniyya, an epithet widely accepted by Ismāʿīlīs themselves.[3][4]