Ornamental plant

Plant that is grown for decorative purposes / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ornamental plants or garden plants are plants that are primarily grown for their beauty[1] but also for qualities such as scent or how they shape physical space. Many flowering plants and garden varieties tend to be specially bred cultivars that improve on the original species in qualities such as color, shape, scent, and long-lasting blooms. There are many examples of fine ornamental plants that can provide height, privacy, and beauty for any garden. These ornamental perennial plants have seeds that allow them to reproduce. One of the beauties of ornamental grasses is that they are very versatile and low maintenance. [citation needed] Almost all types of plant have ornamental varieties: trees, shrubs, climbers, grasses, succulents, aquatic plants, herbaceous perennials and annual plants. Non-botanical classifications include houseplants, bedding plants, hedges, plants for cut flowers and foliage plants. The cultivation of ornamental plants comes under floriculture and tree nurseries, which is a major branch of horticulture.[2]

Ornamental trailing plant on a trellis (creeping groundsel).
Ornamental petunia plant

Commonly, ornamental garden plants are grown for the display of aesthetic features including flowers, leaves, scent, overall foliage texture, fruit, stem and bark, and aesthetic form.[3] In some cases, unusual features may be considered to be of interest, such as the prominent thorns of Rosa sericea and cacti.