From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Born: September 6, 1864|
|Died: November 11, 1928 (aged 64)|
Brooklyn, New York
|August 18, 1884, for the Wilmington Quicksteps|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 16, 1895, for the New York Giants|
|Runs batted in||834|
|Career highlights and awards|
Thomas P. "Oyster" Burns (September 6, 1864 – November 11, 1928) was a professional baseball player whose career spanned 15 seasons, 11 of which were spent with the Major League Baseball (MLB) Wilmington Quicksteps (1884), Baltimore Orioles (1884–85, 1887–88), Brooklyn Bridegrooms (1888–95), and New York Giants (1895). Burns, who predominately played as an outfielder, also played as a shortstop, second baseman, third baseman and as a pitcher. Over his career, Burns compiled a career batting average of .300 with 870 runs scored, 1,392 hits, 224 doubles, 129 triples, 65 home runs, and 834 runs batted in (RBI) in 1,188 games played. Although the majority of his career was spent in the major leagues, Burns also played in minor league baseball. He made his MLB debut at the age of 19 and was listed as standing 5 feet 8 inches (173 cm) and weighing 183 pounds (83 kg).
Burns, nicknamed "Oyster" because he sold shellfish in the off-season, was described as a "loudmouth" and having "an irritating voice and personality". Nevertheless, Burns led the Bridegrooms to an American Association championship in 1889 and a National League pennant in 1890. After retiring from baseball, Burns died on November 11, 1928, in Brooklyn, New York.
In 1883, Burns began his professional baseball career as a pitcher with Harrisburg of the minor-league Interstate Association. On the year, Burns posted an earned run average (ERA) of 2.30 over 20 games pitched, 15 of which were starts. When he wasn't pitching, Burns played second and third base.
A teammate of Burns on the Orioles
Burns began the 1884 season playing for the Wilmington Quicksteps, but left the team after they joined the Union Association, and joined the Baltimore Orioles. Burns—the youngest player on the Orioles and the seventh youngest player in the American Association— batted .298. Despite playing in only 35 games on the season, Burns recorded a team-leading six home runs over 141 plate appearances. He continued his career with the Orioles in 1885, batting .231 with five home runs and 37 RBI, and pitching to a 7–4 win–loss record. His offensive struggles led him to be demoted to the Newark Domestics for the 1886 season, where he helped the Domestics win the Eastern League pennant. By 1887, Burns had reentered the majors for the Orioles and became the team captain until he threw a baseball at an opposing pitcher following a groundout; he was later fined $25 ($711 in 2011). On the season, he recorded nine home runs—good for third in the American Association. Burns's 19 triples were enough to tie him with five others for the league lead, and his 140 games played were tied for the league lead with teammate Blondie Purcell.
After playing in 79 games for Baltimore, Burns was transferred to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms by Harry Von der Horst, the owner of both clubs. While he was playing for the Bridegrooms, the New York Clipper described Burns as "the noisiest man that ever played on the Brooklyn team. His voice reminds one of a buzz-saw." Burns remained with the Bridegrooms for the 1889 season. He recorded team highs in on-base percentage, batting average, and home runs hit while the Bridegrooms, with an 89–48 record, became American Association champions. In the World Series, the Bridegrooms played the New York Giants of the National League. Burns hit a three-run home run to win the fourth game of the series, giving Brooklyn a 3–1 series lead. However, the Giants would take the World Series after winning five straight games.
In 1890, the Bridegrooms had moved to the National League. Burns, now 26, led the league in home runs (13) and RBI (128). He hit for the cycle on August 1, 1890—becoming the first Bridegroom to do so. The team won the National League pennant, and faced the Louisville Colonels in the 1890 World Series. The series ended in a 3–3–1 tie: bad weather led to the cancellation of more games. After the 1891 season, Burns's 1892 RBI total was third in the league, and his hits, doubles, triples, and batting average marks were the second highest on the Brooklyn team, now named the Grooms. In 1893, between games of a doubleheader, a teammate of Burns, Tom Daly, was sleeping in center field when Burns stabbed Daly with a penknife. Daly awoke and turned on the knife, leading to a severed tendon which kept Daly out for two weeks. Burns' 1894 batting average (.355) was the highest of his career; his hit and run totals were also the second highest in his career. Burns continued to play for the club until 1895, when he played for the New York Giants. In his final MLB year, Burns batted a combined .258 over 25 games.
After the 1895 season, Burns's contract was purchased by the minor-league Newark Colts. The Colts would win the Atlantic League division with an 82–61 record, two games above the Hartford Bluebirds. The next season, Burns served as a player-coach for the Bluebirds, where he led the team in doubles and batting average. In his final managerial year, Burns coached Portland, Maine of the New England League.
- "Oyster Burns Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- "Oyster Burns Minor League Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Porter, David L. G. (2000). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: A-F. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 186–187. ISBN 0-313-31174-9.
- Shafer, Ronald G. (2011). When the Dodgers Were Bridegrooms: Gunner McGunnigle and Brooklyn's Back-to-Back Pennants of 1889 and 1890. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 84. ISBN 0-7864-5899-2.
- Gammons, Peter (2006). Pete Palmer; Gary Gillette; Stuart Shea (eds.). The 2006 ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling. p. 822. ISBN 1-4027-3625-8.
- "1883 Harrisburg". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "1884 Baltimore Orioles Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "1884 American Association Awards, All-Stars and Other Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Westcott, Rich; Campbell, Bill (2003). Native sons: Philadelphia baseball players who made the major leagues. Temple University Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-59213-215-7.
- "1887 American Association Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- McNeil, William F. (2000). The Dodgers Encyclopedia. Champaign, Illionios: Sports Publishing LLC. p. 30. ISBN 1-58261-316-8.
- "1889 Brooklyn Bridegrooms Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "1890 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Dodgers Rare Feats". MLB.com. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- Nemec, David (2006). The great encyclopedia of nineteenth century major league baseball. University of Alabama Press. p. 572. ISBN 978-0-8173-1499-6.
- "1896 Atlantic League". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
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