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Pañcika was often represented holding a lance and a bag of jewels or money together with Hariti in the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara, where they illustrated marital love following the intervention of the Buddha. The two figures "were very popular in Gandhara in the latter part of the second century, and their statues are many." When depicted holding a spear, he also signals his role as the chief of the Yakṣas. The iconography of Pancika was eventually merged with that of Vaiśravaṇa.
- The gods of northern Buddhism: their history and iconography, Alice Getty, Courier Dover Publications, 1988, p. 157, ISBN 978-0-486-25575-0 at Google Books
- Sir John Marshall, The Buddhist Art of Gandhara, New Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation, 1980, p, 104.
- Louis, Frederic (1995), Buddhism, Flammarion Iconographic Guides, Paris: Flammarion, pp. 244–245, ISBN 2-08-013582-1.
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