cover image

Parma

City in Emilia-Romagna, Italy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

Parma (Italian pronunciation: [ˈparma] (listen); Emilian: Pärma, pronounced [ˈpɛːʁma]) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna known for its architecture, music, art, prosciutto (ham), cheese and surrounding countryside. With a population of 198,292 inhabitants, Parma is the second most populous city in Emilia-Romagna after Bologna, the region's capital. The city is home to the University of Parma, one of the oldest universities in the world. Parma is divided into two parts by the stream of the same name. The district on the far side of the river is Oltretorrente. Parma's Etruscan name was adapted by Romans to describe the round shield called Parma.

Quick facts: Parma Pärma (Emilian), Country, Regi...
Parma
Pärma (Emilian)
Comune di Parma
Palazzo del Governatore
Location of Parma
Parma
Location of Parma in Emilia-Romagna
Parma
Parma (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 44°48′05.3″N 10°19′40.8″E
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceParma (PR)
FrazioniSee list
Government
  MayorMichele Guerra
Area
  Total260.77 km2 (100.68 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
 (28 of October 2020)[2]
  Total198,292
  Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Parmesan, Parmigiano
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
43121-43126
Dialing code0521
Patron saintSant'Ilario di Poitiers, Sant'Onorato, San Rocco
Saint dayJanuary 13
WebsiteOfficial website
Close

The Italian poet Attilio Bertolucci (born in a hamlet in the countryside) wrote: "As a capital city it had to have a river. As a little capital it received a stream, which is often dry", with reference to the time when the city was capital of the independent Duchy of Parma.