Italian hard cheese / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Parmigiano-Reggiano?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Parmesan (Italian: Parmigiano Reggiano; Italian pronunciation: [parmiˈdʒaːno redˈdʒaːno]) is an Italian hard, granular cheese produced from cows' milk and aged at least 12 months.

Parmigiano Reggiano
Quick facts: Parmesan cheese, Other names, Country of orig...
Parmesan cheese
Other namesParmigiano Reggiano
Country of originItaly
TownProvinces of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna (west of the Reno) and Mantua (on the right/south bank of the Po)
Source of milkCows (mostly Friesian and Reggiana cattle)
Aging timeMinimum: 12 months
Vecchio: 18–24 months
Stravecchio: 24–36 months
CertificationItaly: DOP 1955
EU: PDO 1992
Commons-logo.svg Related media on Commons
The area in which Parmigiano Reggiano can be produced, according to EU and Italian PDO legislation

It is named after two of the areas which produce it, the provinces of Parma and Reggio Emilia (Parmigiano is the Italian adjective for Parma and Reggiano that for Reggio Emilia). In addition to Reggio Emilia and Parma, it is also produced in the part of Bologna west of the River Reno and in Modena (all of the above being located in the Emilia-Romagna region), as well as in the part of Mantua (Lombardy) which is on the south bank of the River Po.

Both Parmigiano Reggiano and Parmesan are protected designations of origin (PDO) for cheeses produced in these provinces under Italian and European law.[1] Outside the EU, the name "Parmesan" can legally be used for similar cheeses, with only the full Italian name unambiguously referring to PDO Parmigiano Reggiano.

It has been called the "King of Cheeses"[2] and "practically perfect food",[3] whilst in 2023, the guide TasteAtlas has picked Parmigiano Reggiano as best cheese in the world.[4]