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|Naval officer ranks|
A passed midshipman, sometimes called as "midshipman, passed", is a term used historically in the 19th century to describe a midshipman who had passed the lieutenant's exam and was eligible for promotion to lieutenant as soon as there was a vacancy in that grade.
- "Officer ranks in the Royal Navy". Royal Naval Museum through Web Archive. Archived from the original on 2014-10-11. Retrieved 2017-05-26.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Walker 1938, p. 188
- Lewis 1960, p. 146,197
- Lewis 1939, p. 212,230
- L. R. Hamersly & Co., ed. (1881). A Naval Encyclopædia. Philadelphia: L. R. Hamersly & Co. p. 496.
- Lewis, Michael (1939). England's Sea-Officers. London: George Allen & Unwin. OCLC 1084558.
- Lewis, Michael (1960). A Social History of the Navy. London: Ruskin House. OCLC 2832855.
- Walker, C.F. (1938). Young Gentlemen: The Story of Midshipmen from the XVIIth Century to the Present Day. London: Longmans, Green. OCLC 2936648.
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