People's Armed Police

Chinese paramilitary organization / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Chinese People's Armed Police Force (abbreviation: PAP; Chinese: 中国人民武装警察部队; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Wǔzhuāng Jǐngchá Bùduì) is a Chinese paramilitary organization[5]:121 primarily responsible for internal security, riot control, counter-terrorism, disaster response, law enforcement and maritime rights protection[6] as well as providing support to the People's Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF) during wartime.[7]:87

Quick facts: Chinese People's Armed Police Force .mw-parse...
Chinese People's Armed Police Force
Sleeve badge of the People's Armed Police
Sleeve badge of the People's Armed Police
Emblem of People's Armed Police helicopters
Emblem of People's Armed Police helicopters
Badge of the People's Armed Police Force [zh] (since 1 August 2021)The Badge of the Chinese PAP Force (中国人民武装警察部队徽) was determined by the Central Military Commission and officially put into use on August 1, 2021, in accordance with the 2020 revision of the National Defense Law's Article 28. Traditionally subject to the Public Security system, the PAP used the Police Badge of the Chinese People's Police [zh] (1983) as its symbol and cap insignia. But from 2007, the PAP cap insignia is slightly different from the civil People's Police badge by using olive green instead of police blue on the shield and adding the olive branches alongside the pine branches around the shield.
Badge of the People's Armed Police Force [zh] (since 1 August 2021)[note 2]
Flag of the People's Armed Police Force (since 10 January 2018)
Flag of the People's Armed Police Force (since 10 January 2018)
Common name武警部队 (Wǔjǐng Bùduì; 'Armed Police Force')
AbbreviationPAP ("People's Armed Police")
CAPF ("Chinese Armed Police Force"), formerly abbreviated
Wujing (武警; Wǔjǐng; 'Armed Police'), or WJ as on vehicle license plates
(Serve the People)
Agency overview
Formed19 June 1982; 41 years ago (1982-06-19)
Employees1.5 million
Legal personalityParamilitary organisation, law enforcement organisation
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Operations jurisdictionChina
Legal jurisdictionPeople's Republic of China
Governing bodyCentral Military Commission
Constituting instrument
  • 《中华人民共和国人民武装警察法》 (Law of the People's Republic of China on the People's Armed Force)
General nature
Specialist jurisdictions
  • Paramilitary law enforcement, counter insurgency, and riot control.
Operational structure
Overviewed byCentral Military Commission
HeadquartersHaidian District, Beijing
Agency executives
Parent agencyCentral Military Commission
Child agencies
  • PAP Internal Guard Corps: 32 × contingents
  • PAP Mobile Corps: 2 × contingents
  • PAP Coastal Guard Corps: 1 x contingent
Quick facts: Chinese People's Armed Police Force, Simplifi...
Chinese People's Armed Police Force
Simplified Chinese中国人民武装警察部队
Traditional Chinese中國人民武裝警察部隊
People's Armed Police
Simplified Chinese人民武装警察
Traditional Chinese人民武裝警察
China Armed Police
Simplified Chinese中国武警
Traditional Chinese中國武警
Short form
Simplified Chinese武警[部队]
Traditional Chinese武警[部隊]
Literal meaningArmed Police [Force]

Unlike the civilian People's Police (Chinese: 人民警察; pinyin: Rénmín Jǐngchá), the PAP (Chinese: 武警; pinyin: Wǔjǐng; lit. 'Armed Police') is a specialized paramilitary force reporting directly to the Central Military Commission (CMC). PAP officers and soldiers wear dark olive green uniforms, different from pine green uniforms of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) or the light blue and black uniforms of the People's Police.

The PAP is estimated to have a total strength of 1.5 million. It was established in its current form in 1982, but similar security forces have operated since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. During the Maoist era, the PAP's predecessors were the Chinese People's Public Security Force, initially under the MPS, and later the Public Security Corps which was under the command of the PLA.[8] The PAP has been compared by both Chinese and foreign scholars with the gendarmerie forces found in many countries, most famously the French Gendarmerie,[9] but the main inspiration for the PAP's establishment and operation came from the Internal Troops of the Soviet Union and related paramilitary forces of the Eastern Bloc such as the East German Alert Units, adapted to the specific military-political culture and thinking of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership.[10]

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