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Mountain caracara (Phalcoboenus megalopterus)
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Falconidae
Genus: Phalcoboenus
d'Orbigny, 1834

Phalcoboenus carunculatus
Phalcoboenus megalopterus
Phalcoboenus albogularis
Phalcoboenus australis
Phalcoboenus napieri

Phalcoboenus is a small genus of caracara in the family Falconidae. They are found in barren, open habitats in the Andes, Patagonia and the Falkland Islands. The four species are almost entirely allopatric. The adults are distinctive, with bare yellow, orange or red facial skin and cere, and a black plumage with variable amounts of white. Juveniles are overall brown with pale pinkish-grey facial skin and cere. They are highly opportunistic and typically seen walking on the ground, where they will feed on carrion and virtually any small animal they can catch.


There are four extant and one extinct species.

The extant species are:

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Phalcoboenus carunculatus Carunculated caracara Ecuador and Colombia.
Phalcoboenus megalopterus Mountain caracara Bolivia, Chile, Peru and Argentina
Phalcoboenus albogularis White-throated caracara southern Chile and Argentina
Phalcoboenus australis Striated caracara Tierra del Fuego, but is more abundant in the Falklands

The extinct species is Phalcoboenus napieri which is known from subfossil remains unearthed in peat deposits from the Falkland Islands, described in 2016 and named for Roddy Napier, the owner of West Point Island in the Falklands.[1]


  1. ^ Mark P. Adams; Robin W. Woods (2016). "Mid-Holocene Falkland Islands bird bones from a peat deposit, including a new species of caracara". Emu. doi:10.1071/MU15129.
  • Jaramillo, Alvaro, Burke, Peter, & Beadle, David (2003). Birds of Chile. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-4688-8.

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