Philip Henry Gosse

English naturalist (1810-1888) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Philip Henry Gosse FRS (/ɡɒs/; 6 April 1810 – 23 August 1888), known to his friends as Henry,[1] was an English naturalist and populariser of natural science, an early improver of the seawater aquarium, and a painstaking innovator in the study of marine biology. Gosse created and stocked the first public aquarium at the London Zoo in 1853, and coined the term "aquarium" when he published the first manual, The Aquarium: An Unveiling of the Wonders of the Deep Sea, in 1854. His work was the catalyst for an aquarium craze in early Victorian England.[2]

Quick facts: Philip Henry Gosse FRS, Born, Died, Known&nbs...
Philip Henry Gosse

Gosse in 1855
Born(1810-04-06)6 April 1810
Worcester, Worcestershire, England
Died23 August 1888(1888-08-23) (aged 78)
Known forMarine biology, aquarium pioneer, Omphalos ("last Thursdayism")
SpouseEmily Bowes
ChildrenEdmund Gosse
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (zoology)Gosse

Gosse was also the author of Omphalos, an attempt to reconcile the geological ages presupposed by Charles Lyell with the biblical account of creation. After his death, Gosse was portrayed as an overbearing father of uncompromising religious views in Father and Son (1907), a memoir written by his son, Edmund Gosse, a poet and critic,[3] although it has since been said that "Gosse’s testimony concerning his father falls short".[4]