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Piastoszyn [pjasˈtɔʂɨn] (Pessentin, Piastotzin, Piastoschin, Piaseczno, German: Petztin) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Kęsowo, within Tuchola County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) north of Kęsowo, 9 km (6 mi) west of Tuchola, and 60 km (37 mi) north of Bydgoszcz. It is located in the Tuchola Forest in the historic region of Pomerania.
The village had a population of 560 in 2006.
The Teutonic Order, which annexed the area from Poland in the 14th century, had installed an Ordenshof (yard of the order) in Piastoszyn. In 1454, King Casimir IV Jagiellon signed the act of reincorporation of the region to the Kingdom of Poland, what was eventually recognized by the Teutonic Knights in 1466. Within Poland, Piastoszyn was a royal village of the Polish Crown, administratively located in the Tuchola County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship. In 1744 Paweł Rhode used to be Schulz and Oberschulz of Piastoszyn.[clarification needed] It is documented, that Franz Lucowicz bought the village from royal starost Michał Antoni Sapieha in 1753 who gave it to the municipal of Piastoszynlater: He assigned it to Schulz (village major, lat. sculteto) Andreas Behrendt, son of Laurentius Behrendt, and the whole village in Piastoszyn.[clarification needed] Andreas Behrendt and his wife Helene Elisabeth Patin from Ciechocin had been acknowledged by Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski as Schulz of Piastoszyn during the same year.[clarification needed] Andreas Behrendt's successor was his son Anton Berendt, followed by Anton Berendt's son Anton Joseph Behrendt.
In 1772 the village was annexed by Prussia in the First Partition of Poland. In 1773 Petztin had 202 inhabitants including Schulz Andreas Behrendt. The following farmers were documented: Thomas Klunder, Casimir Schwemin, Paul Scheffts, Lorentz Schreiber, Adam Gehrs, Mattes Weyland, Martin Klinger Lorentz Scheffts, Krüger Johann Weyland, Georg Behrendt, Mattes Goersch and Lorentz Görsch. From 1882 to 1885 Joseph Behrendt was a member of parliament for the electoral district Konitz-Tuchel. His son August Maria Behrendt inherited the commission. He was followed by his sons Maria Leo Behrendt and Johannes Behrendt. The village was reintegrated with Poland, after the country regained independence in 1918, following World War I.
During the German occupation of Poland (World War II), several Polish inhabitants of Piastoszyn were among over 50 Poles murdered by the Germans in Rudzki Most on October 24, 1939 (see also Nazi crimes against the Polish nation).
In 1975–1998 Piastoszyn administratively belonged to the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship.
- "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
- Górski, Karol (1949). Związek Pruski i poddanie się Prus Polsce: zbiór tekstów źródłowych (in Polish). Poznań: Instytut Zachodni. pp. 54, 88–89, 206–207.
- Biskup, Marian; Tomczak, Andrzej (1955). Mapy województwa pomorskiego w drugiej połowie XVI w. (in Polish). Toruń. p. 124.
- Verlag der historischen Gesellschaft für Polen - Panske, Paul - Familien der Koschnaewjer Dörfer im achzehnten Jahrhundert in: Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift für Polen, Heft 20, Posen 1930 - Familien Koschnaewjer Dörfer 18. Jh. - [hrsg.] Lattermann, Dr. Alfred - 1930
- Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 170.
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