Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa];[lower-alpha 1] 18 May 1920  2 April 2005) was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in April 2005, and was later canonised as Pope Saint John Paul II.

Quick facts: Pope Saint John Paul II, Church, Papacy began...

John Paul II
Bishop of Rome
John Paul II in 1984
ChurchCatholic Church
Papacy began16 October 1978
Papacy ended2 April 2005
PredecessorJohn Paul I
SuccessorBenedict XVI
Orders
Ordination1 November 1946
by Adam Stefan Sapieha
Consecration28 September 1958
by Eugeniusz Baziak
Created cardinal26 June 1967
by Paul VI
RankCardinal priest (1967–1978)
Personal details
Born
Karol Józef Wojtyła

(1920-05-18)18 May 1920
Died2 April 2005(2005-04-02) (aged 84)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
DenominationCatholic
Previous post(s)
EducationPontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas (STL, PhD)
Jagiellonian University (PhD)
MottoTotus tuus
('Totally yours')
Signature
Coat of arms
Sainthood
Feast day22 October
Venerated inCatholic Church
Beatified1 May 2011
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Benedict XVI
Canonized27 April 2014
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Francis
Attributes
Patronage Paradahan, Tanza, Cavite[6]

Philosophy career
Notable work
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
School
Notable ideas
Ordination history
History
Diaconal ordination
Ordained byAdam Stefan Sapieha (Kraków)
Date20 October 1946
Priestly ordination
Ordained byAdam Stefan Sapieha (Kraków)
Date1 November 1946
PlaceChapel of the Kraków Archbishop's residence
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorEugeniusz Baziak (Kraków AA)
Co-consecrators
Date28 September 1958
PlaceWawel Cathedral, Kraków
Cardinalate
Elevated byPope Paul VI
Date26 June 1967
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope John Paul II as principal consecrator
Piotr Bednarczyk21 April 1968
Józef Rozwadowski24 November 1968
Stanislaw Smolenski5 April 1970
Albin Małysiak CM5 April 1970
Paweł Socha CM26 December 1973
Józef Marek27 December 1973
Franciszek Macharski6 January 1979
Justo Mullor García27 May 1979
Alfio Rapisarda27 May 1979
Achille Silvestrini27 May 1979
Samuel Seraphimov Djoundrine AA27 May 1979
Rubén López Ardón27 May 1979
Paulino Lukudu Loro FSCJ27 May 1979
Vincent Mojwok Nyiker27 May 1979
Armido Gasparini FSCJ27 May 1979
Michael Hughes Kenny27 May 1979
William Russell Houck27 May 1979
José Cardoso Sobrinho OCarm27 May 1979
Gerhard Ludwig Goebel MSF27 May 1979
Décio Pereira27 May 1979
Fernando José Penteado27 May 1979
Girolamo Grillo27 May 1979
Paciano Basilio Aniceto27 May 1979
Alan Basil de Lastic27 May 1979
William Thomas Larkin27 May 1979
John Joseph O'Connor27 May 1979
Jean-Marie Lafontaine27 May 1979
Ladislau Biernaski CM27 May 1979
Newton Holanda Gurgel27 May 1979
Matthew Harvey Clark27 May 1979
Alejandro Goic Karmelic27 May 1979
Pedro G. Magugat MSC27 May 1979
Ramón López Carrozas OdeM27 May 1979
Jozef Tomko15 September 1979
Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky12 November 1979
Giovanni Coppa6 January 1980
Carlo Maria Cardinal Martini SJ6 January 1980
Christian Wiyghan Tumi6 January 1980
Marcel Bam'ba Gongoa4 May 1980
Louis Nkinga Bondala CICM4 May 1980
Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya4 May 1980
Paride Taban4 May 1980
Roger Mpungu4 May 1980
Michel-Joseph-Gérard Gagnon MAfr4 May 1980
Dominique Kimpinde Amando4 May 1980
Joseph Nduhirubusa4 May 1980
Vicente Joaquim Zico CM6 January 1981
Sergio Goretti6 January 1981
Giulio Sanguineti6 January 1981
Francesco Voto6 January 1981
Gregory Obinna Ochiagha6 January 1981
Anicetus Bongsu Antonius Sinaga OFM Cap6 January 1981
Lucas Luis Dónnelly Carey OdeM6 January 1981
Filippo Giannini6 January 1981
Ennio Appignanesi6 January 1981
Martino Scarafile6 January 1981
Alessandro Plotti6 January 1981
Stanisław Szymecki12 April 1981
Charles Louis Joseph Vandame SJ6 January 1982
John Bulaitis6 January 1982
Traian Crişan6 January 1982
Charles Kweku Sam6 January 1982
Thomas Joseph O'Brien6 January 1982
Antônio Alberto Guimarães Rezende CSS6 January 1982
Francis George Adeodatus Micallef OCD6 January 1982
Anthony Michael Milone6 January 1982
Salim Sayegh6 January 1982
Virgilio Noè6 March 1982
Antonio Vitale Bommarco OFM Conv6 January 1983
José Sebastián Laboa Gallego6 January 1983
Karl-Josef Rauber6 January 1983
Francesco Monterisi6 January 1983
Kevin Joseph Aje6 January 1983
John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan6 January 1983
Pietro Rossano6 January 1983
Anacleto Sima Ngua6 January 1983
Ildefonso Obama Obono6 January 1983
Jaroslav Škarvada6 January 1983
Dominik Hrušovský6 January 1983
Luigi del Gallo Roccagiovine6 January 1983
Zenon Grocholewski6 January 1983
Juliusz Paetz6 January 1983
Alfons Maria Stickler SDB1 November 1983
Paolo Romeo6 January 1984
Paul Kim Tchang-ryeol6 January 1984
Polycarp Pengo6 January 1984
Nicolas Okioh6 January 1984
Eugenio Binini6 January 1984
Ernest Kombo SJ6 January 1984
Jan Pieter Schotte CICM6 January 1984
Mathai Kochuparampil SDB6 January 1984
Domenico Pecile6 January 1984
Bernard Patrick Devlin6 January 1985
Kazimierz Górny6 January 1985
Aloysius Balina6 January 1985
Afonso Nteka OFM Cap6 January 1985
Pellegrino Tomaso Ronchi OFM Cap6 January 1985
Fernando Sáenz Lacalle6 January 1985
Jorge Medina Estévez6 January 1985
Justin Francis Rigali14 September 1985
Pier Luigi Celata6 January 1986
Franjo Komarica6 January 1986
Walmir Alberto Valle IMC6 January 1986
Norbert Wendelin Mtega6 January 1986
John Bosco Manat Chuabsamai6 January 1986
Donald William Wuerl6 January 1986
Felipe González González OFM Cap6 January 1986
Józef Michalik16 October 1986
Gilberto Agustoni6 January 1987
Franc Perko6 January 1987
Dino Monduzzi6 January 1987
Joseph Sangval Surasarang6 January 1987
George Biguzzi SX6 January 1987
Benedict Dotu Sekey6 January 1987
Julio Edgar Cabrera Ovalle6 January 1987
William Jerome McCormack6 January 1987
Emmanuel A. Mapunda6 January 1987
Dominic Su Haw Chiu6 January 1987
John Magee SPS17 March 1987
Beniamino Stella5 September 1987
René Pierre Louis Joseph Séjourné5 September 1987
Giulio Nicolini5 September 1987
Giovanni Battista Re7 November 1987
Michel Sabbah6 January 1988
Marian Oles6 January 1988
Emery Kabongo Kanundowi6 January 1988
Luís d'Andrea OFM Conv6 January 1988
Victor Adibe Chikwe6 January 1988
Athanasius Atule Usuh6 January 1988
Srecko Badurina T.O.R6 January 1988
José Raúl Vera López, O.P.6 January 1988
Luigi Belloli6 January 1988
John Gavin Nolan6 January 1988
Audrys Bačkis4 October 1988
Pasquale Macchi6 January 1989
Francesco Marchisano6 January 1989
Justin Tetmu Samba6 January 1989
John Mendes6 January 1989
Leon Augustine Tharmaraj6 January 1989
Tarcisius Ngalalekumtwa6 January 1989
Raffaele Calabro6 January 1989
Francisco José Arnáiz Zarandona S.J.6 January 1989
Ramón Benito de La Rosa y Carpio6 January 1989
Cipriano Calderón Polo6 January 1989
Alvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri6 January 1989
Andrea Maria Erba6 January 1989
Józef Kowalczyk6 January 1989
Janusz Bolonek6 January 1989
Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz6 January 1989
Giovanni Tonucci6 January 1990
Ignazio Bedini S.D.B.6 January 1990
Mario Milano6 January 1990
Giovanni Ceirano6 January 1990
Oscar Rizzato6 January 1990
Antonio Ignacio Velasco Garcia S.D.B6 January 1990
Paul R. Ruzoka6 January 1990
Marian Błażej Kruszyłowicz O.F.M. Conv.6 January 1990
Pierre François Marie Joseph Duprey6 January 1990
Domenico Umberto D'Ambrosio6 January 1990
Edward Dajczak6 January 1990
Benjamin J. Almoneda6 January 1990
Francesco Gioia O.F.M. Cap.5 April 1990
Edward Nowak5 April 1990
Giacinto Berloco5 April 1990
Erwin Josef Ender5 April 1990
Jean-Louis Tauran6 January 1991
Vinko Puljic6 January 1991
Marcello Costalunga6 January 1991
Osvaldo Padilla6 January 1991
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa6 January 1991
Bruno Pius Ngonyani6 January 1991
Francis Emmanuel Ogbonna Okobo6 January 1991
Andrea Gemma F.D.P6 January 1991
Joseph Habib Hitti6 January 1991
Jacinto Guerrero Torres6 January 1991
Álvaro del Portillo6 January 1991
Julián Herranz Casado6 January 1991
Bruno Bertagna6 January 1991
Source(s):[18][19]
Close
Quick facts: Papal styles of Pope John Paul II, Reference ...
Papal styles of
Pope John Paul II
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Posthumous stylePope Saint
Close

He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him.[20] Born in Poland, John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope since Adrian VI in the 16th century and the second-longest-serving pope after Pius IX in modern history.

John Paul II attempted to improve the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He maintained the church's previous positions on such matters as abortion, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.[21][22] He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,344[23] and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated many of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.[24] He has also been credited with helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland as well as the rest of Europe.[25]

John Paul II's cause for canonisation commenced one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived. On 19 December 2009, John Paul II was proclaimed venerable by his successor, Benedict XVI, and was beatified on 1 May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday) after the Congregation for the Causes of Saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a French nun called Marie Simon Pierre from Parkinson's disease. A second miracle was approved on 2 July 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later. John Paul II was canonised on 27 April 2014 (again Divine Mercy Sunday), together with John XXIII.[26] On 11 September 2014, Pope Francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide General Roman Calendar of saints.[27] It is traditional to celebrate saints' feast days on the anniversary of their deaths, but that of John Paul II (22 October) is celebrated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration.[28][29] Posthumously, he has been referred to by some Catholics as "Pope St. John Paul the Great", although the title has no official recognition.[30][31][32][33]

Oops something went wrong: