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Popular Congress Party

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Popular Congress Party

حزب المؤتمر الشعبي
LeaderIbrahim El Sanousi
Founded1999 (1999)
Split fromNational Congress Party
HeadquartersKhartoum, Sudan
NewspaperRay al-Shaab
IdeologyIslamism
Political positionRight-wing
ReligionSunni Islam
National affiliationNational Consensus Forces (NCF)
National Assembly of Sudan
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Council of States of Sudan
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Website
popularcongress.org

The Popular Congress Party (PCP, Arabic: حزب المؤتمر الشعبي‎) is a political party in Sudan. The party was founded by Hassan al-Turabi.[1]

The party emerged from a split within the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) in 1999, due to differences between Turabi and President Omar al-Bashir.[1] The party is one of the most outspoken against the NCP, advocating a popular uprising to overthrow the government.[2] The party relies heavily on displaced Western Sudanese living in Khartoum's shanty towns for support.[1]

The party is a member of the National Consensus Forces opposition alliance.[3]

History

Al-Turabi had a falling out with al-Bashir in 1999, when al-Turabi again began to spend time in jail or under house arrest.[4] The power struggle between al-Bashir and al-Turabi resulted in al-Turabi’s expulsion from the NCP.[4] As a consequence, al-Turabi established the PCP (initially called the Popular National Congress) in August 2000 in opposition to the NCP.[4]

After al-Turabi created the PCP, al-Bashir’s security forces regularly harassed its meetings and arrested participants.[4] In February 2001, the PCP signed a “memorandum of understanding” in Geneva with the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.[4] Among other things, the memorandum noted that self-determination is a legitimate right of the people of South Sudan.[4] Al-Turabi saw the memorandum as a way to undermine al-Bashir and improve his own position; it resulted in al-Turabi’s arrest.[4] After three months in prison, the government released al-Turabi from prison and put him under house arrest.[4] PCP activity virtually came to a halt; al-Bashir dropped charges against PCP supporters near the end of 2001.[4] Released from detention, al-Turabi was rearrested in March 2003 on charges of masterminding a coup attempt.[4] The government dismissed these charges against al-Turabi and the PCP in December 2004 but continued to keep him in detention and banned party activity.[4] Al-Turabi managed, however, to have a significant impact on political developments in Sudan from jail or house arrest and eventually was released.[4] There is strong evidence that the PCP established an alliance with the rebel Justice and Equality Movement in Darfur in order to put additional pressure on the government.[4] In the flawed April 2010 elections, the PCP candidate for president, Abdullah Deng Nhial, a Muslim from the Dinka tribe, received only 4 percent of the vote.[4]

The party newspaper, Ray al-Shaab, has been banned since 2012.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Hassan al-Turabi
  2. ^ Popular Congress Party (PCP)
  3. ^ National Consensus Forces (NCF)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Shinn, David H. (2015). "Popular Congress Party" (PDF). In Berry, LaVerle (ed.). Sudan : a country study (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. pp. 254–256. ISBN 978-0-8444-0750-0. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article49809
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