Blend word

Word blending the sounds and combining the meanings of two others / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In linguistics, a blendsometimes known, perhaps more narrowly, as a blend word, lexical blend, portemanteau, portmanteau, (/pɔːrtˈmænt/ port-MAN-toh or /ˌpɔːr(t)mænˈt/ POR(T)-man-TOH; pl. portmanteaux), or portmanteau word derived from French porte-manteau is a word formed, usually intentionally, by combining the sounds and meanings of two or more words.[1][2][3] English examples include smog, coined by blending smoke and fog,[2][4] as well as motel, from motor (motorist) and hotel.[5] The component word fragments within blends are called splinters.

A blend is similar to a contraction, but contractions are formed, usually non-intentionally, from words whose sounds gradually drift together over time due to them commonly appearing together in sequence, such as do not naturally becoming don't. A blend also differs from a compound, which fully preserves the stems of the original words. The 1973 Introduction to Modern English Word-Formation explains that "In words such as motel, boatel and Lorry-Tel, hotel is represented by various shorter substitutes – otel, tel, or el – which I shall call splinters. Words containing splinters I shall call blends".[6][n 1] Thus, at least one of the parts of a blend, strictly speaking, is not a complete morpheme, but instead a mere splinter or leftover word fragment. For instance, starfish is a compound, not a blend, of star and fish, as it includes both words in full. However, if it were called a "stish" or a "starsh", it would be a blend. Furthermore, when blends are formed by shortening established compounds or phrases, they can be considered clipped compounds, such as romcom for romantic comedy.[7]

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