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Pravuil, also known as Vretil, is an archangel briefly mentioned in the Second Book of Enoch as God's scribe and recordkeeper. In Enoch II, God commands Pravuil to bring Enoch writing materials so he could document his journey through the heavens.[1][2] Charles Russell Coulter and Patricia Turner argue that Pravuil is a Hebrew recasting of the Mesopotamian deity Nabu.[3]


  1. ^ Davidson, Gustav (1967). "Pravuil". A Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. The Free Press. p. 227.
  2. ^ Charles, R. H. (2004). The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament. 2: Pseudepigrapha. Apocryphile Press. p. 443. ISBN 9780974762371.
  3. ^ Coulter, Charles Russell; Turner, Patricia (2013). "Nabu, Pravuil". Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities. Routledge. pp. 332, 389. ISBN 9781135963903.
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