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The chairman of the government of the Russian Federation, also informally known as the prime minister, is the head of government of Russia. Although the post dates back to 1905, its current form was established on 12 December 1993 following the introduction of a new constitution.
|Chairman of the Government|
of the Russian Federation
|Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации (Russian)|
|Council of Ministers of Russia|
Government of Russia
|Type||Head of government|
|Seat||White House, Moscow|
(with the approval of the State Duma)
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Russia|
|Precursor||Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (1923–1991)|
|First holder||Sergei Witte|
|Unofficial names||Prime Minister|
Due to the central role of the president of Russia in the political system, the activities of the executive branch (including the prime minister) are significantly influenced by the head of state (for example, it is the president who appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other members of the government; the president may chair the meetings of the cabinet and give obligatory orders to the prime minister and other members of the government; the president may also revoke any act of the government). The use of the term prime minister is strictly informal and is never used in the constitution.