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The prime minister of Italy, officially the president of the Council of Ministers (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri), is the head of government of the Italian Republic. The office of president of the Council of Ministers is established by articles 92–96 of the Constitution of Italy; the president of the Council of Ministers is appointed by the president of the Republic and must have the confidence of the Parliament to stay in office.
|President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic|
|Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri della Repubblica Italiana|
|Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic|
Government of Italy
|Style||President (reference and spoken)|
Premier (reference, informal)
Her Excellency (diplomatic)
|Member of||Council of Ministers|
High Council of Defence
|Appointer||President of the Republic|
|Term length||no fixed term length|
|Inaugural holder||Alcide De Gasperi (republic)|
Camillo Benso di Cavour (original)
|Formation||17 March 1861; 162 years ago (1861-03-17)|
|Salary||€99,000 per annum|
|Part of the Politics series|
Prior to the establishment of the Italian Republic, the position was called President of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Italy (Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri del Regno d'Italia). From 1925 to 1943 during the Fascist regime, the position was transformed into the dictatorial position of Head of the Government, Prime Minister Secretary of State (Capo del Governo, Primo Ministro Segretario di Stato) held by Benito Mussolini, Duce of Fascism, who officially governed on the behalf of the king of Italy. King Victor Emmanuel III removed Mussolini from office in 1943 and the position was restored with Marshal Pietro Badoglio becoming prime minister in 1943, although the original denomination of President of the Council was only restored in 1944, when Ivanoe Bonomi was appointed to the post of prime minister. Alcide De Gasperi became the first prime minister of the Italian Republic in 1946.
The prime minister is the president of the Council of Ministers which holds executive power and the position is similar to those in most other parliamentary systems. The formal Italian order of precedence lists the office as being, ceremonially, the fourth-highest Italian state office after the president and the presiding officers of the two houses of parliament.
Giorgia Meloni is the incumbent prime minister since 22 October 2022.