Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn

British prince, son of Queen Victoria (1850–1942) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 1850  16 January 1942), was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He served as Governor General of Canada, the tenth since Canadian Confederation and the only British prince to do so to date.

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Prince Arthur
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Prince Arthur in 1907
10th Governor General of Canada
In office13 October 1911 – 11 November 1916
PredecessorThe Earl Grey
SuccessorThe Duke of Devonshire
MonarchGeorge V
Prime Ministers
Born(1850-05-01)1 May 1850
Buckingham Palace, London, England
Died16 January 1942(1942-01-16) (aged 91)
Bagshot Park, Surrey, England
Burial23 January 1942
Spouse
(m. 1879; died 1917)
Issue
Names
Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor
HouseSaxe-Coburg and Gotha (until 1917)
Windsor (from 1917)
FatherPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
MotherQueen Victoria of the United Kingdom
Military career
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1868–1942
RankField Marshal
UnitRoyal Engineers
Royal Regiment of Artillery
Rifle Brigade
Commands heldInspector-General of the Forces
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Third Army Corps
Aldershot Command
Southern Command
Bombay Army
Battles/warsFenian Raids Anglo-Egyptian War
AwardsVolunteer Officers' Decoration
Territorial Decoration
Close

Arthur was educated by private tutors before entering the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich at 16 years old. Upon graduation, he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the British Army, where he served for some 40 years, seeing service in various parts of the British Empire. During this time he was also created a royal duke, becoming Duke of Connaught and Strathearn as well as Earl of Sussex. In 1900 he was appointed as Commander in Chief of the British Army in Ireland, which he regretted; his preference being to join the campaign against the Boers in South Africa.[1] In 1911, he was appointed as Governor General of Canada, replacing Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, as viceroy. He occupied this post until he was succeeded by Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, in 1916. He acted as the King's, and thus the Canadian Commander-in-Chief's, representative through the first years of the First World War.

After the end of his viceregal tenure, Arthur returned to the United Kingdom and performed various royal duties there and in Ireland, while also again taking up military duties. Though he retired from public life in 1928, he continued to make his presence known in the army well into the Second World War, before his death in 1942. He was Queen Victoria's last surviving son.