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Putrajaya (Malaysian pronunciation: [putraˈdʒaja, putrəˈdʒajə]), officially the Federal Territory of Putrajaya (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya), is a planned capital city which functions as the administrative capital and the judicial capital of Malaysia. The seat of the federal government of Malaysia was moved in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya because of overcrowding and congestion in the former, whilst the seat of the judiciary of Malaysia was later moved to Putrajaya in 2003. Kuala Lumpur remains as Malaysia's national capital city per the constitution and is still the seat of the head of state (Yang di-Pertuan Agong) and the national legislature (Parliament of Malaysia), as well as being the country's commercial and financial centre.
|Federal Territory of Putrajaya|
Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya
"Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari"
("Garden City, Intelligent City")
|First settled||c. 1921|
|Planned city established||19 October 1995|
|Transferred from Selangor to federal jurisdiction||1 February 2001|
|• Type||Direct federal administration|
|• Administered by||Putrajaya Corporation|
|• Chairman||Muhammad Azmi Mohd Zain|
|• Total||49 km2 (19 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,800/sq mi)|
|Human Development Index|
|• HDI (2019)||0.856 (very high) (3rd)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (MST)|
|ISO 3166 code||MY-16|
|Mean solar time||UTC+06:46:40|
|Vehicle registration||F and Putrajaya|
The establishment of Putrajaya was the idea of the then-Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. The development of Putrajaya began in August 1995 and it was completed at an estimated cost of US$8.1 billion. On February 1, 2001, Putrajaya became Malaysia's third federal territory, after Kuala Lumpur in 1974 and Labuan in 1984. Putrajaya is also a part of MSC Malaysia, a special economic zone that covers Klang Valley.