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Qatada ibn al-Nu'man

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Qatada ibn al-Nu'man (Arabic: قتادة بن النعمان‎) (c.581-c.644) was one of the companions of the Muslim prophet Muhammad and a member of the Ansar.

Biography

He was the son of al-Nu'man ibn Zayd, of the Zafar branch of the Nabit clan of the Aws tribe, and of Unaysa bint Qays, who was from the Najjar clan of the Khazraj tribe. His wives were: Hind bint Aws, from the Qawaqil allies; al-Khansa' bint Khunayd, who was from the Ghassan tribe; and A'isha bint Jurayy, also from the Zafar sub-clan. His children by Hind were Abdullah and Umm 'Amr. Both al-Khansa' and A'isha are variously said to be the mother of his other two children, 'Amr and Hafsa.[1]:354-355

According to Al-Waqidi, Qatada was present at the second pledge at al-Aqabah; but his name does not appear on Ibn Ishaq's list.[1]:355

Qatada is listed among Muhammad's archers.[1]:355 He fought at Badr,[2]:330 Uhud,[2]:381 the Ditch "and all the battles with the Messenger of Allah."[1]:355 When Qatada ibn al-Nu‘man was wounded in the eye by an arrow on the day of Uhud, his eyeball was dislodged and hung on his cheek. His companions wanted to cut it off, but decided to consult Prophet Muhammad ﷺ first. He said, “No!” then ordered Qatada to be brought to him, he pushed his eyeball back into place with his hand, blew some of his spittle on it then said, “O God, give him beauty!” It became Qatada’s best eye and when the other eye suffered from infection, that one never did. Source: Mustadrak[1]:355 At the conquest of Mecca, Qatada carried the banner of the Zafar clan.[1]:355

He died in 23 AH (643-644 AD) at the age of 65 (lunar) years, and Umar conducted his funeral prayers.[1]:355

Descendants

One of his grandsons, Asim ibn Umar ibn Qatada (died 120 or 129 AH (738 or 747)),[3] was a notable narrator of hadith and was a major source for the historian Ibn Ishaq.[4]:xv Qatada had no further male-line descendants after Asim.[1]:355

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume 3. Translated by Aisha Bewley (2013). The Companions of Badr. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Alfred Guillaume (1955). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Various Issues About Hadiths
  4. ^ Guillaume, A. (1955). "Introduction." In Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Alfred Guillaume (1955). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Qatada ibn al-Nu'man
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