Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about RAF Bomber Command?
Summarize this article for a 10 year old
RAF Bomber Command controlled the Royal Air Force's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968. Along with the United States Army Air Forces, it played the central role in the strategic bombing of Germany in World War II. From 1942 onward, the British bombing campaign against Germany became less restrictive and increasingly targeted industrial sites and the civilian manpower base essential for German war production. In total 364,514 operational sorties were flown, 1,030,500 tons of bombs were dropped and 8,325 aircraft lost in action. Bomber Command crews also suffered a high casualty rate: 55,573 were killed out of a total of 125,000 aircrew, a 44.4% death rate. A further 8,403 men were wounded in action, and 9,838 became prisoners of war.
|Active||14 July 1936–1968|
|Branch||Royal Air Force (RAF); attached squadrons & individual personnel of the RCAF, RAAF, and RNZAF.|
|Headquarters||1936–1940: RAF Uxbridge|
1940–1968: RAF High Wycombe
|Motto(s)||Strike Hard Strike Sure|
|Engagements||Second World War|
|Battle honours||Berlin 1940–1945|
Fortress Europe 1940–1944
|Air Marshal Charles Portal|
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris
|Bomber||1939: Battle, Blenheim, Hampden, Wellesley, Wellington, Whitley.
1950: Washington B.1
1955: Vickers Valiant
1956: Avro Vulcan1958: Handley Page Victor.
Bomber Command stood at the peak of its post-war military power in the 1960s, the V bombers holding the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent and a supplemental force of Canberra light bombers. In 1968 it was merged with Fighter Command to form Strike Command.
In August 2006, a memorial was unveiled at Lincoln Cathedral. A memorial in Green Park in London was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 June 2012 to commemorate the high casualty rate among the aircrews. In April 2018 The International Bomber Command Centre was opened in Lincoln.
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