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Robert Byron Bird
|Born||5 February 1924(age 96)|
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin (PhD, 1950)|
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (BS, 1947)
|Institutions||University of Wisconsin-Madison|
Robert Byron Bird (born February 5, 1924 in Bryan, Texas) is a chemical engineer and professor emeritus in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is known for his research in transport phenomena of non-Newtonian fluids, including fluid dynamics of polymers, polymer kinetic theory, and rheology. He, along with Warren E. Stewart and Edwin N. Lightfoot, is an author of the classic textbook Transport Phenomena. Bird was a recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1987.
Bird attended University of Maryland from 1941 to 1943, where he was initiated into the Alpha Rho Chapter of Alpha Chi Sigma in 1943. He had to discontinue his studies during World War II, in which he served in the US Army.  Bird received his B.S. degree in chemical engineering from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1947 and Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry from University of Wisconsin in 1950. During 1950-1951, he was a postdoctoral fellow at Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Bird is a recipient of the National Medal of Science; the Medal was awarded by President Ronald Reagan "for his profoundly influential books and research on kinetic theory, transport phenomena, the behavior of polymeric fluids, and foreign language study for engineers and scientists." He was awarded the Bingham Medal in 1974 for his outstanding contributions to the field of rheology and Eringen Medal in 1983.
He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering since 1969, member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1989, and a number of foreign academies, including Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences (1985), Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences (1994). Bird is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1981, the American Physical Society since 1970, and the American Academy of Mechanics since 1983. In 2015 he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
In 2004, Bird was granted the Dutch title Ridder in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau for his "exceptional contributions to the promotion of Dutch language and culture in the United States and at the University of Wisconsin".
Bird is the coauthor of several influential books in transport phenomena and rheology, including the classic textbook Transport Phenomena, which was translated into many foreign languages, including Spanish, Italian, Czech, Russian, Persian, and Chinese and the 1200-page tome Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids.
- Transport Phenomena, with W. E. Stewart and E. N. Lightfoot, Wiley, (1960, 2nd ed. 2002).
- Introductory Transport Phenomena, with W. E. Stewart, E. N. Lightfoot, and D. J. Klingenberg, Wiley, (2014).
- Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, with J. O. Hirschfelder and C. F. Curtiss, Wiley, (1954, revised 1964).
- Dynamics of Polymeric Liquids, Vol. 1, Fluid Dynamics, with R. C. Armstrong and O. Hassager, Wiley, (1977, 2nd ed. 1987).
- Dynamics of Polymeric Liquids, Vol. 2, Kinetic Theory, with C. F. Curtiss, R. C. Armstrong, and O. Hassager, Wiley, (1977, 2nd ed. 1987).
Since the publication of Transport Phenomena, the subject of transport phenomena has become a standard and essential course in chemical engineering curricula in universities in the U.S. and abroad.
- Rheology: an historical perspective By Roger I. Tanner, Kenneth Walters
- "R. Byron Bird". University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- "This Week's Citation Classic" (PDF). garfield.library.upenn.edu. 1979-09-17. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- "The President's National Medal of Science: Recipient Details". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- Center for Oral History. "R. Byron Bird". Science History Institute.
- Traynham, James G. (1 October 1998). R. Byron Bird, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by James G. Traynham at Madison, Wisconsin on 1 October 1998 (PDF). Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Bingham Medalists". The Society of Rheology. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- "SES MEDALISTS". Archived from the original on 2015-10-08.
- "R.B. Bird" (in Dutch). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
- "Just call him Sir Bob". Archived from the original on 2004-03-28.
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