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Ethnic group native to Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Romanians (Romanian: români, pronounced [roˈmɨnʲ]; dated exonym Vlachs) are a Romance-speaking[54][55][56][57] ethnic group, native to Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe.[58] Sharing a common Romanian culture and ancestry, and speaking the Romanian language, they live primarily in Romania and Moldova. The 2021 Romanian census found that 89.3% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians.[59]

Quick facts: Români, Total population, Regions with signif...
Ethnic distribution of Romanians around the world
Total population
c. 22.8–24.8 million[1] (including Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups living abroad)
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Romania.svg Romania 19,053,815 (2022 Romanian census)[2]
Flag_of_Moldova.svg Moldova 192,800 (2014 Moldovan census; additional 2,068,058 Moldovans)[3][4]
Other countries
Flag_of_Italy.svg Italy1,206,938 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[5]
Flag_of_Spain.svg Spain671,985–1,079,726 (2022) Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups. The second number includes all Romanians in Spain, thus taking into account second and third generation Romanians or nationalized ones that count as Spanish in the census.[6][7]
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germany866,000 (2022) migrants from Romania of all ethnic groups, including a wide range of Romanian Germans as well[8]
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom345,000 Romanian-born residents (2020)[9]
Flag_of_France.svg France200,000–500,000 (2022)[10] Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[11]
Flag_of_Ukraine.svg Ukraine150,989 (additional 258,619 Moldovans)[12]
Flag_of_Austria.svg Austria131,788 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups, including many Transylvanian Saxons as well[13]
Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg Belgium92,746 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[14]
Flag_of_Greece.svg Greece46,523 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[15]
Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Netherlands39,654 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[16]
Flag_of_Portugal.svg Portugal39,000 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[17]
Flag_of_Hungary.svg Hungary36,506[18]
Flag_of_Denmark.svg Denmark34,960 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[19]
Flag_of_Sweden.svg Sweden32,294 born in Romania, of all ethnic groups[20]
Flag_of_Ireland.svg Ireland29,186 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[21]
Cyprus Cyprus24,376 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[22]
Flag_of_Serbia.svg Serbia23,044 (additional 21,013 Timok Vlachs)[23]
Flag_of_Switzerland_%28Pantone%29.svg  Switzerland21,593 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[24]
Flag_of_Norway.svg Norway18,877 migrants of Romania, of all ethnic groups[25]
Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg Czech Republic14,684 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[26][27]
Flag_of_Turkey.svg Turkey14,411 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[28]
Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg5,209 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[29]
Flag_of_Poland.svg Polandc. 5,000[30]
Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Slovakia4,941 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[31]
Flag_of_Finland.svg Finland4,902 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[32]
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia3,201[33]
Flag_of_Malta.svg Malta2,000[citation needed]
Flag_of_Iceland.svg Iceland1,463 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[34]
Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria891[35]
Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina100[36]
North America
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States518,653–1,400,000 (incl. mixed origin, Romanian Germans and Romanian Jews)[37][38][39][40][41]
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada204,625–400,000 (incl. mixed origin)[42][43]
Flag_of_Mexico.svg Mexico569[44]
South America
Flag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil200,000 migrants from Romania and Romanian citizens, of all ethnic groups[45]
Flag_of_Venezuela.svg Venezuela10,000 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[46]
Flag_of_Argentina.svg Argentina10,000 of Romanian origin, including Romanian Jews and Romanian Romani[47]
Flag_of_Colombia.svg Colombia350[48]
Flag_of_Uruguay.svg Uruguay200[48]
Flag_of_Peru.svg Peru174[48]
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia20,998 first and second generation migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[49]
Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg New Zealand3,100[50]
Flag_of_Israel.svg Israel100,823[51] (mostly Romanian Jews)
Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan421[52][53]
Flag_of_Vietnam.svg Vietnam100[48]
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa2,828[51]
Flag_of_Egypt.svg Egypt420[48]
Predominantly Orthodox Christianity
(Romanian Orthodox Church),
also Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, and Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Other Eastern Romance-speaking peoples
(most notably Moldovans, Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, and Istro-Romanians)

In one interpretation of the 1989 census results in Moldova, the majority of Moldovans were counted as ethnic Romanians in this country as well.[60][61] Romanians also form an ethnic minority in several nearby countries situated in Central, Southeastern, and Eastern Europe, most notably in Hungary, Serbia (including Timok), and Ukraine.

Estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from minimum 24 to maximum 30 million, in part depending on whether the definition of the term "Romanian" includes natives of both Romania and Moldova, their respective diasporas, and native speakers of both Romanian and other Eastern Romance languages (or Balkan Romance languages).

Other speakers of the latter languages are the Aromanians, the Megleno-Romanians, and the Istro-Romanians (native to Istria, Croatia), all of them unevenly distributed throughout the Balkan Peninsula, which may be considered either Romanian subgroups or separated yet, nevertheless, related ethnicities.