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Rytwiany

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Rytwiany
Village
Camaldolese monastery complex
Coat of arms
Rytwiany
Rytwiany
Coordinates: 50°31′45″N 21°12′21″E / 50.52917°N 21.20583°E / 50.52917; 21.20583Coordinates: 50°31′45″N 21°12′21″E / 50.52917°N 21.20583°E / 50.52917; 21.20583
Country Poland
VoivodeshipŚwiętokrzyskie
CountyStaszów
GminaRytwiany
Elevation
178.7 m (586.3 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2009 at Census)[1]
 • Total
Increase 1,827
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28-236
Area code(s)+48 15
Car platesTSZ
Websitehttp://www.rytwiany.com.pl/

Rytwiany[2][3][4] [rɨtˈfjanɨ] is a village in Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Rytwiany. It lies on the Czarna Staszowska river, approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) south-east of Staszów and 58 km (36 mi) south-east of the regional capital Kielce.[5] The village has a population of Increase 1,827.

Rytwiany, which belongs to the historic province of Lesser Poland, has a rich and long history. First documented owner of the village was a nobleman named Piotr Bogoria Skotnicki (13th century), and across the centuries, Rytwiany belonged to a number of owners, including Cardinal Wojciech Jastrzębiec, Hieronymus Jaroslaw Łaski, the Lubomirski family, the Potocki family, the Radziwiłł family, and several others.

In 1425 - 1436, Bishop Jastrzębiec built a defensive Gothic castle in Rytwiany, surrounded by the swamps of the Czarna river. The castle, partly destroyed in 1657 (see Deluge) was inhabited until the 19th century, then fell into a ruin, to be finally demolished in 1859. All that now remains of it is a fortified tower. In the early 17th century, when the village and the castle belonged to the Tęczyński family, it was a cultural center of the region. In 1621, upon request of Jan Tęczyński, Camaldolese monks settled here, building an abbey and a church. The monks moved to Warsaw in 1819, and their church now serves as a local parish church. In the late 19th century, the Radziwiłł family, who were the last owners of the village, built here a palace, which was remodelled in 2005 and now is a hotel.

Demography

According to the 2002 Poland census, there were 1,672 people residing in Rytwiany village, of whom 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 37.7% from 18 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older.[1]

Table 1. Population level of village in 2002 — by age group[1]
SPECIFICATION Measure
unit
POPULATION
(by age group in 2002)
TOTAL 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80 +
I. TOTAL person 1,672 191 254 248 222 259 184 141 120 53
of which in % 100 11.4 15.2 14.8 13.3 15.5 11 8.4 7.2 3.2
1. BY SEX
A. Males person 828 96 134 128 119 134 97 57 51 12
of which in % 49.5 5.7 8 7.7 7.1 8 5.8 3.4 3.1 0.7
B. Females person 844 95 120 120 103 125 87 84 69 41
of which in % 50.5 5.7 7.2 7.2 6.2 7.5 5.2 5 4.1 2.5


Figure 1. Population pyramid of village in 2002 — by age group and sex[1]
Table 2. Population level of village in 2002 — by sex[1]
SPECIFICATION Measure
unit
POPULATION
(by sex in 2002)
TOTAL Males Females
I. TOTAL person 1,672 828 844
of which in % 100 49.5 50.5
1. BY AGE GROUP
A. At pre-working age person 397 207 190
of which in % 23.7 12.4 11.3
B. At working age. grand total person 985 525 460
of which in % 58.9 31.4 27.5
a. at mobile working age person 630 330 300
of which in                         % 37.7 19.8 17.9
b. at non-mobile working age person 355 195 160
of which in                         % 21.2 11.7 9.5
C. At post-working age person 290 96 194
of which in % 17.3 5.7 11.6

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Local Data Bank (Bank Danych Lokalnych) – Layout by NTS nomenclature (Układ wg klasyfikacji NTS)". demografia.stat.gov.pl: GUS. 10 March 2011.
  2. ^ Bielec, Jan (ed.); Szwałek, Stanisława (1982). Wykaz urzędowych nazw miejscowości w Polsce. T. III: P – Ż [List of official names of localities in Poland, Vol. III: P – Ż] (in Polish). Ministry of Administration, Spatial Economy and Environmental Protection (1st ed.). Warsaw, Poland: Central Statistical Office.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Sitek, Janusz (1991). Nazwy geograficzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej [Geographical names of the Republic of Poland] (in Polish). Ministry of Physical Planning and Construction, Surveyor General of Poland, Council of Ministers' Office, Commission for Establishing Names of Localities and Physiographical Objects (1st ed.). Warsaw, Poland: Eugeniusz Romer State Cartographical Publishing House. ISBN 83-7000-071-1.
  4. ^ "Rytwiany, wieś, gmina Rytwiany, powiat staszowski, województwo świętokrzyskie" [Rytwiany, village, Rytwiany Commune, Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Province, Poland]. Topographical map prepared in 1:10,000 scale. Aerial and satellite orthophotomap (in Polish). Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography, Poland, Warsaw. 2011. geoportal.gov.pl. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
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